Gov. John WINTHROP

Gov. John WINTHROP

Male 1588 - 1649  (61 years)

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  • Name John WINTHROP  [2, 3
    • Massachusetts Bay Colony Governor. He was instrumental in leading the first large wave of colonists from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in New England after the Plymouth Colony. He was born at Edwardstone, Suffolk, England, to a wealthy landowning and merchant family. In December 1602, he was admitted to Trinity College but soon left and married his first wife, Mary Forth, in April 1605. During this time, he became deeply religious in the Puritan faith. In 1613, he received the family holdings in Groton, and became Lord of the Manor there. He soon followed his father's path as a lawyer in London, having been enrolled at Gray's Inn to study law. In 1624, Charles I ascended the English throne and was opposed to all religious groups who did not ascribe to the doctrine of the Church of England. In March 1629, Charles I dissolved the English Parliament and his continued religious intolerance and crackdown on the Puritans resulted in a decision for the some of the leaders of the Massachusetts Bay Company (who were mostly Puritans) to emigrate to New England. Winthrop was chosen as governor and on April 8, 1630, he sailed from the Isle of Wight with four ships that were part of a larger fleet of 11 ships, carrying 700 people to New England, arriving at Salem in June. They chose to settle at the present-day city of Boston, near the Charles River. In the early months the colony struggled with disease, losing about 200 people, including his son, Henry. He served as governor of the colony for 12 of its first 20 years of existence, being elected on four different occasions. He was generally civil and diplomatic towards the Native American population. However, cultural differences and trade issues, along with land ownership rights of the colonists that conflicted with the hunter-gatherer rights of the natives eventually evolved into a war with the Pequot tribe in 1637, which ended with the destruction of the tribe, whose survivors were sold as slaves to the West Indies or became enslaved by the colonists themselves. During his life, he continuously wrote accounts of historical events and religious manifestations. His major contributions to the literary world were "A Modell of Christian Charity" (1630) and "The History of New England" (1630-1649; also known as "The History of John Winthrop"), which remained unpublished until the late 18th century. He was married four times and had 16 children, his first three wives preceding him in death. He died of natural causes. (bio by: William Bjornstad)
      [1]
    Prefix Gov. 
    Birth 12 Jan 1587/8  [4
    Born 23 Jan 1588  Edwardstone, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died 26 Mar 1649  Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Buried Kings Chapel Burying Ground, Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I62352  Main Tree
    Last Modified 19 Apr 2018 

    Father Adam WINTHROP,   b. 10 Aug 1548, Bishopsgate, City of London, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Mar 1623, Groton, Babergh District, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Anne BROWNE,   b. 13 Jan 1544, Edwardstone, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Apr 1629, Groton, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Family ID F30699  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Mary FORTH,   b. 1 Jan 1590, Great Stambridge, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun 1615, Groton, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 25 years) 
    Married 16 Apr 1605  Edwardstone, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Children 
    +1. Gov John WINTHROP,   b. 12 Feb 1606, Groton, co Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Apr 1676, Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)  [Birth]
     2. Henry WINTHROP,   b. 10 Jan 1607, Groton Manor, co Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jul 1630, Drowned Salem, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 23 years)  [Birth]
     3. Mary WINTHROP,   b. 30 Dec 1609, Groton, co Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Apr 1643, Salisbury, Essex Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 11 Apr 2017 
    Family ID F06629  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Margaret TYNDAL,   b. Abt 1591,   d. 14 Jun 1647, Boston, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 56 years) 
    Married 28 Apr 1618  [5
    Children 
     1. Col. Stephen WINTHROP,   b. 24 Mar 1619,   d. 1658  (Age 38 years)  [Birth]
     2. Adam WINTHROP,   b. 7 Apr 1620,   d. 1652  (Age 31 years)  [Birth]
     3. Deane WINTHROP,   b. 1623,   d. 16 Mar 1703/4  (Age 81 years)  [Birth]
     4. Capt Samuel WINTHROP,   b. 1627,   d. 1674  (Age 47 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F33403  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Thomasine CLOPTON,   c. 18 Feb 1583, Groton Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 11 Dec 1616, Buried Groton with her infant child Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 33 years) 
    Married 6 Dec 1615  [6
    Last Modified 19 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F37342  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - 26 Mar 1649 - Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Gov. John Winthrop
    Gov. John Winthrop
    Massachusetts Bay Colony Governor. he was instrumental in leading the first large wave of colonists from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in New England after the Plymouth Colony.

    Photo From Find A Grave- added by: Joel Farringer

  • Sources 
    1. [S02329] Find A Grave Website.

    2. [S03310] Royal Families Americans of Royal and Noble Ancestry: Vol. One Governor Thomas Dudley and Desc. through 5 Generations by Marston Watson.

    3. [S8970] Northern New York American Canadian Genealogical Society: Lifelines, Vol. 33, Issues 1 and 2, Whole Nos. 63 and 64.

    4. [S03581] Wikipedia Encyclopedia.

    5. [S5840] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonist Who Came to America before 1700, Frederick Lewis Weis.

    6. [S5008] "Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists", David Faris, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.).