Sancho I King Of PORTUGAL

Male 1154 - 1212  (57 years)


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  • Name Sancho I King Of PORTUGAL  [1, 2
    Born 11 Nov 1154  Coimbra, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As "The Popular" 
    Died 26 Mar 1212  Coimbra, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Buried Igreja Santa Cruz, Coimbra, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Sancho I, King of Portugal (pron. IPA /'s?~?u/), Sanctius I in English, nicknamed the Populator (Port. o Povoador), second king of Portugal, was born on November 11, 1154 in Coimbra and died on March 26, 1212 in the same city. He was the third but only surviving son of Afonso I Henriques of Portugal by his wife, Mafalda of Savoy. Sancho succeeded his father in 1185. He used the title King of Algarve and/or Silves between 1189 and 1191

      In 1170, Sancho was knighted by his father, King Afonso I, and from that time he became his second in command, both administratively and military. At this time, the independence of Portugal (declared in 1139) was not firmly established. The kings of Len and Castile were trying to annex the country and the Catholic church was late in giving its blessing and approval. Due to this Afonso I had to search for allies within the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal made an alliance with the kingdom of Aragon and together they fought Castile and Len. To secure the agreement, Prince Sancho of Portugal married, in 1174, princess Dulce Berenguer, younger sister of king Alfonso II of Aragon. Aragon was thus the first Iberian kingdom to recognize the independence of Portugal.

      With the death of Afonso I in 1185, Sancho I became the second king of Portugal. Coimbra was the centre of his kingdom; Sancho terminated the exhausting and generally pointless wars against his neighbours for control of the Galician borderlands. Instead, he turned all his attentions to the South, against the Moorish communities that still thrived. With Crusader help he took Silves in 1191. Silves was an important city of the South, an administrative and commercial town with population around 20,000 people. Sancho ordered the fortification of the city and built a castle that is today an important monument of Portuguese heritage. However, military attention soon had to be turned again to the North, where Len and Castile threatened again the Portuguese borders. Silves was again lost to the Moors.

      Sancho I founded the city of Guarda in 1199.

      Sancho I dedicated much of his reign to political and administrative organization of the new kingdom. He accumulated a national treasure, supported new industries and the middle class of merchants. Moreover, he created several new towns and villages and took great care in populating remote areas in the northern Christian regions of Portugal, notably with Flemings and Burgundians ? hence the nickname the Populator. The king was also known for his love of knowledge and literature. Sancho I wrote several books of poems and used the royal treasure to send Portuguese boys to study in European Universities.
    Person ID I45036  Main Tree
    Last Modified 30 Jan 2016 

    Father Affonso I,   b. 25 Jul 1110, Villa De Guimardaes, Braga, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 06 Dec 1185, Coimbra, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Matilde Of SAVOY,   b. 1125, Chambbery, Savoie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 04 Dec 1157, Coimbra, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 32 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 1146  Chambbery, Savoie, Medieval States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Family ID F03604  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Dulce Of BARCELONA,   b. Abt 1159, Barcelona, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1198  (Age ~ 39 years) 
    Children 
     1. Teresa Of PORTUGAL,   b. 1181,   d. 1250  (Age 69 years)  [Natural]
     2. Constance Of PORTUGAL,   b. Abt 1182,   d. 03 Aug 1202  (Age ~ 20 years)  [Natural]
     3. Peter Count Of URGELL,   b. 23 Feb 1187,   d. 02 Jun 1258  (Age 71 years)  [Natural]
     4. Berengaria Of PORTUGAL,   b. Abt 1195,   d. 1221  (Age ~ 26 years)  [Natural]
     5. Raymond Of PORTUGAL,   b. 1180,   d. 1189  (Age 9 years)  [Natural]
     6. Henry Of PORTUGAL,   b. 1189,   d. 1189  (Age 0 years)  [Natural]
     7. Mafalda Of PORTUGAL,   b. Abt 1200,   d. 1256  (Age ~ 56 years)  [Natural]
     8. Fernando Of PORTUGAL,   b. 24 Mar 1188,   d. 04 Mar 1233  (Age 44 years)  [Natural]
     9. Branca Of PORTUGAL,   b. Abt 1192,   d. 1240  (Age ~ 48 years)  [Natural]
     10. Sancha Of PORTUGAL,   b. Abt 1182,   d. 13 Mar 1229  (Age ~ 47 years)  [Natural]
     11. Alfonso II The Fat King Of PORTUGAL,   b. 23 Apr 1185, Coimbra Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Mar 1223, Santarem Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years)  [Natural]
    Family ID F06928  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Maria AIRES,   b. Abt 1180 
    Children 
     1. Martim Sanches Count Of TRASTAMARA,   b. Abt 1200,   d. 1229  (Age ~ 29 years)  [Natural]
     2. Urraca Sanches Of PORTUGAL,   b. Abt 1200,   d. 1256  (Age ~ 56 years)  [Natural]
    Family ID F17494  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Maria Pais RIBEIRA,   b. Abt 1170,   d. 1258  (Age ~ 88 years) 
    Children 
     1. Nuno Sanches Of PORTUGAL,   b. Abt 1200
     2. Maior Sanches Of PORTUGAL  [Natural]
     3. Rodrigo Sanches Of PORTUGAL,   b. Abt 1200,   d. 1245  (Age ~ 45 years)  [Natural]
     4. Teresa Sanches Of PORTUGAL,   b. 1205,   d. 1230  (Age 25 years)  [Natural]
     5. Gil Sanches Of PORTUGAL,   b. Abt 1200,   d. 1236  (Age ~ 36 years)  [Natural]
     6. Constanca Sanches Of PORTUGAL,   b. 1210,   d. 1269  (Age 59 years)  [Natural]
    Family ID F17495  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 11 Nov 1154 - Coimbra, Portugal Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 26 Mar 1212 - Coimbra, Portugal Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Igreja Santa Cruz, Coimbra, Portugal Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S01910] Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399 by. T. Anna Leese.

    2. [S03581] Wikipedia Encyclopedia.

    3. [S03311] Royalty For Commoners - Fourth Edition, Roderick W. Stuart, (Name: Name: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc;;).