Edward I "Longshanks"Of ENGLAND

Male 1239 - 1307  (68 years)


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  • Name Edward I "Longshanks"Of ENGLAND  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    • Edward I of England (Longshanks), King of England, son and heir, was born at Westminster, Middlesex, on 17 June 1239, and was named after the Anglo-Saxon king Edward the Confessor whose memory was honoured by King Henry. He was granted Gascony and was created Earl of Chester on 14 Feb 1254. to prevent the rebellious Gascons from obtaining help from Castille, his marriage was arranged. he was married for the first time at monastery of Las Huelgas in Spain on 18 Oct 1254 (he being fifteen and she ten years of age) to Alianore De Castille, daughter of Fernando III, Rey de Castilla y Leon, by his second wife Jeanne, daughter of Simon de Dammartin, Comte d'Aumale et de Ponthieu. She was born about 1244. In the conflict between his father, King Henry III, and the barons led by Simon de Montfort, Edward at first supported Monfort, but then supported his father, slaying Montfort at Evesham on 4 Aug 1265. Edward took the cross in 1268 and was on crusade at Acre in the Holy Land from May 1271 to September 1272. On his return journey to England he was in the kingdom of Sicily when he learned of his father's death, and paid homage at paris to his cousin the French King, Philippe III, for his French lands. He landed at Dover in England on 2 Aug 1274, and was crowned King of England at Westminster on 19 Aug 1274. Having learned much from the civil war of his father's reign, he embarked on the restoration of royal authority with the institution of inquiries into the authority by which landowners held their jurisdictions and overhauled the civil and criminal law. From 1275 to 1307, he summoned, as had Montfort before him, representatives of the shires and boroughs to parliaments, that is, meetings of the king with the principal men of the realm. This improved relations between the king and the borough communities and committed them to some support of his policies, although Edward had no intention of sharing royal authority. Edward was much concerned with asserting his claims to sovereignty over the whole of Britain. In 1277 he defeated Llewellyn, Prince of North Wales, and in the early 1280s conquered the latter's principality and annexed it to the English Crown. The hereditary Anglo-Norman lords continued to rule the marches of Wales with the overlordship of the English Crown. The dying out of he direct Scottish royal line in 1290 enabled Edward to press his claim to the overlordship of Scotland but he met resistance from his choice as King of the Scots, John Balliol. In 1296 Edward invaded Scotland, deposed Balliol and sought to occupy the kingdom. William Wallace, a supporter of Balliol, began a successful rebellion, but was decisively defeated by Edward in Falkirk in 1298. Robert Bruce, whose grandfather had been a claimant to the Scottish throne, and who was a rival of the Balliols, rebelled, and was crowned king in 1306. In 1294 Edward had become embroiled in war with his overlord, the French king, Philippe IV, who was asserting himself in the affairs of Edward's Duchy of Gascony. The extortionate demands for services and money to fight Philippe and to suppress Scottish resistance alienated his English subjects in his later years and provoked renewed baronial opposition. [1]
    Birth 1239  ENGL Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Born 17 Jun 1239  Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9
    Christened Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Birth 17 Jun 1239  Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 10
    Burial Westminster Abbey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 11
    Fact 1272  Duke of Aquitaine Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Fact Between 1272 and 1307  King of England Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7, 9
    Fact 19 Aug 1272  Crowned Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6
    Crowned 19 Aug 1274  Westerminster Abbey Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Death 1307  [7
    Death 07 Jul 1307  Carlisle, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 10
    Name Edward Plantagenet  [7
    Name Edward I Longshanks  [2
    Died 07 Jul 1307  Burgh-on-the-Sands, near Carlisle Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 6, 7, 8
    Buried 28 Oct 1307  Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Edward was called the Hammer of the Scots.

      Illegitimate Issue: John De Botetourte (d. 25 Nov 1324), 1st Lord Botetourte, is listed by Taute' and Weis as an illegitimate son of Edward I; He married Maud, daughter of Thomas Fitz Otes (b. abt. 1231; d. by 28 March 1274) and Beatrice De Beauchamp (d. abt 1280/1281).[Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW]

      [ingram1.FTW]

      http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal01261
      Reigned 1272-1307
      In the Barons war 1264-67 he defeated the Barons at Evesham (1265) as King he is noted for encouraging Parliamentary institutions at the expense of feudalism and for subduing Wales on which he imposed the English system of administration. He later tried to assert his authority over Scotland and died while on his way to fight Robert Bruce.
    Person ID I21293  Main Tree
    Last Modified 28 Apr 2018 

    Father Henry III King Of ENGLAND,   b. 01 Oct 1207, Winchester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1272, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Eleanor Of PROVENCE,   b. Between 1217 and 1222, Aix-en-Provence, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Jun 1291, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 74 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married Between 14 Jan 1235 and 1236  Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4, 9
    Married 1236  [7
    Married 04 Jan 1236  Canterbury, C, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 7
    Married 04 Jan 1236  Canterbury Cathedral, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Family ID F03375  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Eleanor of CASTILE,   b. 1244, Burgos, Burgos, Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Nov 1290, Herdeby, Lincolnshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years) 
    Married Oct 1254  Las Huelgas Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Married Oct 1254  Abbey of Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Married 18 Oct 1254  [1, 3, 6, 9
    Children 
     1. Joan Of ENGLAND,   b. 1260, Windsor, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 7 Sep 1265, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 5 years)  [Birth]
     2. Alianor Of ENGLAND,   b. 17 Jun 1264, Windsor, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 12 Oct 1297 and 1298, Ghent Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)  [Birth]
     3. John Of ENGLAND,   b. 10 Jun 1266, Windsor, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Aug 1271, Westminster Palace Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 5 years)  [Birth]
     4. Henry Of ENGLAND,   b. 13 Jul 1267, Windsor, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Oct 1274, Merton, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 7 years)  [Birth]
     5. Juliana Of ENGLAND,   b. 1271, Holy Land Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 05 Sep 1271, Holy Land Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)  [Birth]
     6. Joan (of Acre) Of ENGLAND,   b. 1272, Acre, Palestine Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Apr 1307, Clare, Sufolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years)  [Birth]
     7. Alphonso Of ENGLAND,   b. 24 Nov 1273, Maine Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Aug 1284, Windsor Castle Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 10 years)  [Birth]
     8. Margaret Of ENGLAND,   b. 11 Sep 1275, Windsor, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1318, Brussels Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years)  [Birth]
     9. Berengaria Of ENGLAND,   b. 1276, Kennington, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1279  (Age 3 years)  [Birth]
     10. Mary Of ENGLAND,   b. 11 Mar 1278, Windsor, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 08 Jul 1332, Amesbury Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 54 years)  [Birth]
     11. Isabella Of ENGLAND,   b. 1279,   d. 1279  (Age 0 years)  [Birth]
     12. Alice Of ENGLAND,   b. 12 Mar 1279, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1291  (Age 11 years)  [Birth]
     13. Elizabeth Of ENGLAND,   b. 07 Aug 1282, Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 05 May 1316, Quendon, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)  [Birth]
     14. Edward II King Of ENGLAND,   b. 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon Castle, Caernarvonshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1327, (Murdered) Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucesteshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years)  [Birth]
     15. Beatrice Of ENGLAND,   b. 1286, Aquitaine, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. young Find all individuals with events at this location  [Birth]
     16. Blanche Of ENGLAND,   b. 1290,   d. 1290  (Age 0 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 28 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F05216  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Margaret Of FRANCE,   b. 1275/79,   d. 14 Feb 1317, Marlborough Castle Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Married 08 Sep 1299  Canterbury Cathedral Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 8
    Married 10 Sep 1299  [9
    Children 
     1. Thomas "Of Brotherton" of NORFOLK,   b. 01 Jun 1300, Brotherton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aug 1338  (Age 38 years)  [Birth]
     2. Edmund 'of Woodstock' Of KENT,   b. 05 Aug 1301, Woodstock Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Mar 1330, Beheaded Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years)  [Birth]
     3. Alianor Of ENGLAND,   b. 04 May 1306, Winchester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1311, Amesbury, Wiltshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 4 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 28 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F05379  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 ? UNKNOWN 
    Children 
    +1. John DE BOTETOURTE,   d. 25 Nov 1324  [Birth]
    Last Modified 15 Feb 2016 
    Family ID F33306  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 1239 - ENGL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Oct 1254 - Las Huelgas Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFact - 1272 - Duke of Aquitaine Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFact - Between 1272 and 1307 - King of England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFact - 19 Aug 1272 - Crowned Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 08 Sep 1299 - Canterbury Cathedral Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath - 07 Jul 1307 - Carlisle, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 07 Jul 1307 - Burgh-on-the-Sands, near Carlisle Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S5008] "Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists", David Faris, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.).

    2. [S01910] Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399 by. T. Anna Leese.

    3. [S03483] The Spear and the Spindle: Ancestors of Sir Francis Bryan (d. 1550), Kt.

    4. [S02258] Families Directly Descended from "All the Royal Families in Europe" (495-1932) and Mayflower Descendants, Mrs. (Oscar Herbert) Elizabeth M. Leach Rixford, (Name: Name: Clearfield Company, Inc., Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.;;).

    5. [S03310] Royal Families Americans of Royal and Noble Ancestry: Vol. I Governor Thomas Dudley and Desc. through 5 Generations by Marston Watson.

    6. [S5840] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonist Who Came to America before 1700, Frederick Lewis Weis.

    7. [S02447] Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW.
      Date of Import: Oct 13, 2000

    8. [S02777] The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 2002, Vol. 156 April.

    9. [S03311] Royalty For Commoners - Fourth Edition, Roderick W. Stuart, (Name: Name: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc;;).

    10. [S01678] Ancestry GED # 16821.
      Date of Import: Jul 1, 2000

    11. [S02170] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Tompsett, Brian C.