John AVERY

Male 1654 - 1724  (70 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  John AVERY was born 10 Feb 1654, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA (son of Capt James AVERY and Joanna GREENSLADE); died 17 Apr 1724, North Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.

    Notes:

    Name:
    John Avery was an extensive land owner, holding, in addition to the place upon which he lived, land in several other towns. February 16, 1688, Capt. James Avery, "out of love," gave to his son, John Avery, the land that he had bought of Thomas Hungerford at the head of "poqeuannock plaine," also the land that was originally Jacob Waterhouse's; also a parcel of meadow on a brook commonly called Stony Brook; and "all that meadow each side that I bought of William Meader." (New London Deeds.) John Avery probably lived and died upon the farm at the head of Poquonock Plain, in the vicinity of which each of his brothers received land from his father. April 23, 1685, he sold the land that was given him by his father and that was his honored grandfather's to his brother Samuel. July 6, 1691, he sold the land and dwelling on the Pawtucket river that came from his wife's father, Samuel Chesebrough......

    In 1700, he was one of the original proprietors of Lebanon, and May 10, 1705, the general court confirmed him and his associates in possession of lands in that town. Beginning with 1705, when his oldest son married, he deeded land with a free and open hand "out of love" to his sons for their livelihood. In the allotment of public lands, January 31, 1712, he calls himself a carpenter. In 1715, he was given lot No. 57 of the common land.

    John Avery became a freeman of New London, May 12, 1681. His name appears on the patent for New London, Oct. 14, 1704. In the list of the inhabitants of Groton in 1708 and 1712 are found the names of Capt. John Avery and his son, John Avery.

    Capt. John Avery was townsman of Groton, 1706. He was chosen with his brother,James, member of a committee to lay out 100 acres of land to Mr. Woodbridge, July 15, 1708. he was a member of the church of Groton, Nov. 22, 1727; as his wife is not mentioned, it is probable that she was then dead....

    For his services in the Narragansett war, John Avery received lots in Voluntown, No. 9 for arable land and No. 76 for cedar swamp.

    John married Abigail CHESEBROUGH 29 Nov 1675, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA. Abigail (daughter of Samuel CHESEBROUGH and Abigail INGRAHAM) was born 30 Sep 1656, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 05 Jan 1712/13, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Abigail AVERY was born 18 Jan 1679, Groton, New London County, Connecticut; was christened 30 Mar 1679, First Church of New London, Connecticut; died 10 Nov 1722, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.
    2. Mary AVERY was born Bef 14 Nov 1680, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA; was christened 14 Nov 1680, First Church of New London, Connecticut; died 03 Feb 1762, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    3. Joseph AVERY was christened 19 Jun 1692, First Church of New London, Connecticut; died Bef 1 May 1714.
    4. John AVERY was christened 1 Apr 1683, First Church of New London, Connecticut; died Oct 1762.
    5. William AVERY was born 1687, North Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA; was christened 19 Jun 1692, First Church of New London, Connecticut; died 08 Feb 1755, North Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Capt James AVERYCapt James AVERY was born Abt 1620, Devonshire Co., England (son of Christopher AVERY and Margery STEPHENS); died 18 Apr 1700, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; was buried , Avery-Morgan Burial Ground, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.

    Notes:

    Name:
    Captain James Avery is often spoken as the founder of the family or clan that we call the Groton Averys. That he was the only child of Christopher Avery is plainly seen by the following entry on the books of the county court of New London, Connecticut, November 24, 1683:

    "Capt. James Avery appearing in this Court and there Declaring himself the only sonn & Heir of his Father Mr. Christopher Avery deceased and that there was neither sonn or Daughter but himself was sole heir and he desiring this court would so constitute him and give him power of administration upon the said estate of his father deceased. This Court having duly considered what hath been alleadged do approve of the same and judge the said Capt. James Avery to be the right and full heir to the said estate and do give him power of administrator to the estate of Mr. Christopher Avery his deceased father,

    Attest Charles Hill rec."

    James Avery came to America with his father and lived at Gloucester for several years. He married November 10, 1643, as appears by the records of Gloucester:

    "James Avery married Joane---- November 10, 1643."
    That her name was Joanne Greenslade is learned from her letter of dismissal from the church at Boston to the one at Gloucester in 1644. The first volume of admissions of the First Church of Boston contains what little information we have been able to glean concerning Joane Greenslade. On page 63 is a list of six names of which hers stands third among the admissions as follows:

    "The 18th day of ye 4th Moneth 1643 Joan Greenslade, a single woman."

    On page 66 of the same volume is an entry showing her dismissal to the church of Gloucester: "the 17th day of ye 1at Moneth 1644 Our Sister Joan greenslade now ye wife of one James Averill of Gloster had granted hir by ye Churches silence Ires of Recomend to ye Church at Gloster."

    She, however, seems to have retained her connection with the First Church at Boston, for on page 97 of the book of admissions is the record:
    "oe Sister Joan Avery with ye Consent of ye whole church was dismist unto ye church of christ at Pekot on ye 31 of ye 6th mo 1651.".....

    He soon became active in military affairs and is generally spoken of by the title of ensign, lieutenant, or captain. The region in which he lived was formerly the chief seat of the formidable Pequot tribe that, a few years before, had been almost exterminated by the English. The Pequot Fort, taken in 1637 by Captain John Mason in command of the Connecticut troops and their Mohegan and Narragansett allies, was on the Mystic River, on the eastern line of Groton. After the Pequot War, a few survivors of that once dreaded tribe still lived in the haunts of their fathers, with the Narragansetts on the east and the Mohegans under their sachem, Uncas, near by on the west. In 1657, the Narragansetts made a wild foray and Uncas fled from the blood and fire that marked their course. He took refuge in a fort and was besieged by his unrelenting foes. but, just in time, "Lieutenant James Avery, Mr. Brewster, Richard Haughton, Samuel Lothrop, and others well armed, succeeded in throwing themselves into the fort; and the Narragansetts, fearing to engage in a conflict with the English, broke up the siege and returned home." The legislature approved the measures that had been taken for the protection of the faithful ally of the English.....

    In 1668, James Avery and Cary Latham were chosen by the town to settle the boundary line with the sachem, Uncas. The L15 that secured the desired formal deed was paid by James Avery and two others in consideration of which each received 200 acres of land from the town. Captain Avery's services seem to have been often called for by the town and by individuals in the settling of such controversies. In 1678, the commissioners, granted Captain Avery five pounds "for his good service in assisting in the government of the Pequots for sundry years."........

    James Avery represented New London as deputy to the general court for many years. The record runs as follows: May, 1659, Oct. 1660; Oct. 1661; Oct., 1664; May and July 1665; May and Oct 1667; April and May 1668; May and Oct., 1669; May, 1675. Oct 1675, he was reported as absent. He was serving his country elsewhere-raising troops for the Indian war that terminated in the great swamp fight of December 19, 1675. We find him again a member of the general court 1676; also May and Oct., 1677; May, 1678; Oct., 1679; Oct., 1680 oct., 1682; May, 1683, May and July, 1684; May and Oct., 1685; Oct., 1686......

    In studying the record of those days, the careful student is strongly impressed with the fact that Capt. James Avery was a very remarkable man. Living as he did in stirring times, he was a leader among strong men, enjoying their confidence and respect because he deserved them. Especially is it to be noted that, although the state took cognizance of affairs that we now call private and interfered in the details of family life and personal relations in a way that would not now be tolerated, he was never censured or "presented" for any shortcoming or alleged dereliction of duty or propriety. Eminent in all the relations of life, his descendants look upon him with pride and affection as one SANS PEUR ET SANS REPROCHE.

    James married Joanna GREENSLADE 10 Nov 1643, Gloucester, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Joanna was born Abt 1622, Devonshire Co., England; died 16 Apr 1693, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut; was buried , Avery-Morgan Cemetery, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Joanna GREENSLADEJoanna GREENSLADE was born Abt 1622, Devonshire Co., England; died 16 Apr 1693, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut; was buried , Avery-Morgan Cemetery, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.
    Children:
    1. Hannah AVERY was born 12 Oct 1644, Gloucester, Essex Co., Massachusetts; died 22 Aug 1721, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA; was buried 24 Aug 1721, Taugwonk, New London, Connecticut.
    2. James AVERY, Jr. was born 15 Dec 1646, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 22 Aug 1728, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut; was buried , Avery-Morgan Cemetery, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.
    3. Mary AVERY was born 9 Feb 1647/48, Gloucester, Essex Co., Massachusetts; died 02 Feb 1697/98, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    4. Thomas AVERY was born 06 May 1651, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 05 Jan 1735/36, Montville, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    5. 1. John AVERY was born 10 Feb 1654, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 17 Apr 1724, North Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.
    6. Rebecca AVERY was born 06 Oct 1656, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died Aft 28 Apr 1707.
    7. Jonathan AVERY was born 05 Jan 1657/58, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died Aug 1681, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    8. Christopher AVERY was born 30 Apr 1661, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 08 Dec 1683, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    9. Samuel AVERY was born 14 Aug 1664, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut; died 01 May 1723, Ledyard, New London Co., Connecticut.
    10. Joanna AVERY was born 1669, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died Between 1670 and 1763.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Christopher AVERY was born 1590, Devonport or Ipplepen, Devon, England (son of Christopher AVERY and Johanna ?); died 12 Mar 1670, New London, New London Co., Conn..

    Notes:

    Name:
    CHRISTOPHER AVERY, the emigrant ancestor and progenitor of the Avery family, was born in England about 1590. He was a weaver by trade, and came to this country and located at Gloucester, Mass., where he was selectman in 1646, 1652 and 1654.
    His wife did not come to this country. In 1658 he sold lands at Gloucester and removed o Boston, where on the 16th of March, 1658/9 he purchased land, a small lot, about twenty-six by forty-six feet.

    Christopher Avery did not long retain this property, for March 22, 1663, he sold land to Ambrose Dew, for forty pounds. There had evidently been no increase of value in the five years that he had held possession. After being owned by two or three different person, it was bought by Mr. Stackpole about 1790. He now followed his son James to Connecticut, and August 8, 1665, purchased a house, orchard and lot of Robert Burrows in London. He was made freeman of the colony October, 1669.

    Christopher married Margery STEPHENS Abt 26 Aug 1616, Ipplepen, Devon, England. Margery (daughter of Edward STEPHENS and Margaret ?) was born 1590, Exeter, England; died 1643, Brixham, Devon, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Margery STEPHENS was born 1590, Exeter, England (daughter of Edward STEPHENS and Margaret ?); died 1643, Brixham, Devon, England.
    Children:
    1. 2. Capt James AVERY was born Abt 1620, Devonshire Co., England; died 18 Apr 1700, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; was buried , Avery-Morgan Burial Ground, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Christopher AVERY was born 1550, Totnes, England; died 1613, Devon, England.

    Christopher — Johanna ?. Johanna was born Abt 1560, in or near Devon, England; died Aft 1593, Devon, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Johanna ? was born Abt 1560, in or near Devon, England; died Aft 1593, Devon, England.
    Children:
    1. 4. Christopher AVERY was born 1590, Devonport or Ipplepen, Devon, England; died 12 Mar 1670, New London, New London Co., Conn..

  3. 10.  Edward STEPHENS was born 1565, Kingswear, Devon, England; died Dec 1626, Totnes,Devon, England.

    Edward — Margaret ?. Margaret was born 1567, Kingswear, Devon, England; died 1643, Brixham, Devon, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Margaret ? was born 1567, Kingswear, Devon, England; died 1643, Brixham, Devon, England.
    Children:
    1. 5. Margery STEPHENS was born 1590, Exeter, England; died 1643, Brixham, Devon, England.