Abigail SMITH

Abigail SMITH

Female 1744 - 1818  (73 years)

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  • Name Abigail SMITH  [2, 3, 4
    • Presidential First Lady. She was the wife of second United States President John Adams, and the mother of sixth United States President John Quincy Adams. Born in Weymouth, Massachusetts, on her mother's side she was descended from early prestigious leaders of the colony. Having received a basic education from her mother, Abigail and her sisters were largely self-taught by utilizing the extensive libraries of their father, grandfather and uncle. An avid reader, Abigail formed a strong bond with her third cousin, John Adams, who was a Harvard graduate, and they were married in 1764; three sons and two daughters were born to this union, which was to last more than fifty years. John's traveling as a circuit judge, a delegate to the Continental Congress and an envoy abroad led to long separations, and Abigail's many letters, written just a she spoke, with clarity, told the vivid story of a woman who stayed at home dealing with wartime shortages, running a farm with minimal help and educating her children. Even before the colonies had declared their independence from Britain, Abigail wrote to John to urge him to "Remember the ladies" when drafting the basis of law for the new nation and to not give husbands unlimited power over their wives. Abigail joined John in Paris in 1784 when he was named Ambassador, and she took great interest in the customs of the French Royal Court. When her husband became the first Vice President of the United States, she and the President's wife, Martha Washington, became good friends. Abigail was of great assistance in the official entertaining because of the experience she had gained from the courts and society abroad. When John Adams was elected President, she managed to continue a formal pattern of entertaining in spite of the primitive conditions of the "President's House" (now known as the White House), which was still under construction. After John Adams's presidential term ended in 1801, they retired to Quincy, Massachusetts and enjoyed seventeen years of companionship that they had longed for during the years of public life. Abigail's correspondence is feted for exhibiting strong leadership of Women's Rights. [1]
    Born 23 Nov 1744  Braintree, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Gender Female 
    Fact Daughter of William Smith and Elizabeth Quincy Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Died 28 Oct 1818  Quincy, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Buried Quincy Congregational Church, Quincy Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I53190  Main Tree
    Last Modified 6 Aug 2021 

    Father William SMITH, Jr.,   b. 29 Jan 1706/7, Charlestown, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Sep 1783, Weymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Elizabeth QUINCY,   c. 17 Dec 1721, Braintree, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Oct 1775, Weymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 53 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 16 Oct 1740  Braintree, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Family ID F29144  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Pres. John ADAMS, Jr.,   b. 19 Oct 1735, Braintree, Norfolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 04 Jul 1826, Quincy, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 90 years) 
    Married 25 Oct 1764  Weymouth, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Children 
     1. Thomas Boylston ADAMS,   b. 15 Sep 1772, Braintree, Norfolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 03 Mar 1832  (Age 59 years)
     2. Susanna ADAMS,   b. 28 Dec 1768, Boston, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 04 Feb 1770, Boston, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)  [Natural]
     3. Pres. John Quincy ADAMS,   b. 11 Jul 1767, Braintree, Norfolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Feb 1848, "Speaker's Room" at the Capitol, Washington, D.C. Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)  [Birth]
     4. Abigail Amelia ADAMS,   b. 14 Jul 1765, Braintree, Norfolk County, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Aug 1813, Braintree, Norfolk Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)  [Birth]
     5. Charles ADAMS,   b. 29 May 1770, Boston, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Nov 1800, Manhattan, New York Co., New York Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 2 Apr 2013 
    Family ID F10837  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 23 Nov 1744 - Braintree, Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFact - - Daughter of William Smith and Elizabeth Quincy Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Abigail Smith Adams
    Abigail Smith Adams
    Abigail Smith is the wife of Pres. John Adams.

    Maintained by: Find A Grave
    Photo added by: Curtis Jackson

  • Sources 
    1. [S12691] Find A Grave: Bio of Abigail Smith Adams.

    2. [S03466] The Mayflower Quarterly - September 2003, Vol. 69 No. 3.

    3. [S03107] RootsWeb: World Connect - Families of U.S. Presidents and First Ladies by Rosemary West.

    4. [S5405] "Ancestors of American Presidents", Gar Boyd Roberts, (New England Historic Genealogical Society - 2009).