Gaston Duke Of ORLEANS

Male 1608 - 1660  (51 years)


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  • Name Gaston Duke Of ORLEANS  [1
    Born 25 Apr 1608  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 02 Feb 1660  [1
    Notes 
    • Gaston Jean-Baptiste, duc d'OrlČans (April 25, 1608, Fontainebleau ? February 2, 1660, Blois), was the third son of the French king Henry IV and of his wife Marie de' Medici.

      Known at first as the duc d'Anjou, he became duc d'OrlČans, comte de Blois and comte de Chartres in 1626, and had nominal command of the army which besieged La Rochelle in 1628, having already entered upon that course of political intrigue which would occupy the remainder of his life. On two occasions he had to leave France for conspiring against the government of his mother and of Cardinal Richelieu; and after waging an unsuccessful war in Languedoc, he took refuge in Flanders. Reconciled with his brother Louis XIII, he plotted against Richelieu in 1635, fled from the country, and then submitted to the king and the cardinal.

      Soon afterwards the same process repeated itself. Orleans stirred up Cinq-Mars to attempt Richelieu's murder, and then deserted his unfortunate accomplice (1642). In 1643, on the death of Louis XIII, Gaston became lieutenant-general of the kingdom, and fought against Spain on the northern frontiers of France; he was created duc d'AlenÁon in 1646. However, during the wars of the Fronde (1648?1653), he passed with great facility from one party to the other. Then exiled by Mazarin to Blois in 1652, he remained there until his death.
    Person ID I42079  Main Tree

    Father Henry IV King Of FRANCE,   b. 13 Dec 1553,   d. 14 May 1610  (Age 56 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Mother Maria DE'MEDICI,   b. 26 Apr 1573, Florence Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 03 Jul 1642, Cologne Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Married Oct 1600  [1
    Family ID F17449  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Marie Of BOURBON,   b. 1605,   d. 1627  (Age 22 years) 
    Married 06 Aug 1626  Nantes Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Anne Duchess Of MONTPENSIER,   b. 1627,   d. 1693  (Age 66 years)  [Natural]
    Family ID F17510  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Margaret Of LORRAINE,   b. 1615,   d. 1672  (Age 57 years) 
    Married 31 Jan 1632  Nancy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Marie Anne Of ORLEANS,   b. 09 Nov 1652, Paris Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Aug 1695, Blois Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 42 years)  [Natural]
     2. Jean Gaston Duc DE VALOIS,   b. 17 Aug 1650, Paris Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Aug 1652, Paris Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)  [Natural]
     3. Marguerite Louise Of ORLEANS,   b. 28 Jul 1645, Paris Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Sep 1721, Paris Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)  [Natural]
     4. Elizabeth Of ORLEANS,   b. 26 Dec 1646, Paris Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Mar 1696, Versailles Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)  [Natural]
     5. Francoise Madeleine Of ORLEANS,   b. 13 Oct 1648, st. Germain-en-Laye Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Jan 1664, Turin Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 15 years)  [Natural]
    Family ID F17511  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S03581] Wikipedia Encyclopedia.