Edward II King Of ENGLAND

Male 1284 - 1327  (43 years)


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  • Name Edward II King Of ENGLAND  [1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    • Edward II of England (of Caenarvon), eldest surviving son and heir, was born at Caernarvon, co, Caernarvon, Wales, on 25 Apr 1284. He was crowned on 25 Feb 1308. He had little success in meeting the problems left by his father in Scotland and Gascony, and with the barons. He failed to appease the barons by consultation or the borough communities by curbing the activities of his officials, and angered them by the favours which he bestowed on a foreigner, Peter de Gaveston. In 1310 Edward agreed to a degree of baronial control over government. The barons seized Gaveston and executed him in June 1312. Robert I (the Bruce), King of Scotland, threatened to overthrow the English overlordship. Edward led an army into Scotland and was decisively defeated by Bruce at Bannockburn on 24 June 1314, and was unable to defend northern England against Scottish devastation. Edward found new favorites, the two Hughs le Despenser, father and son. The territorial ambitions of the Despensers in Wales antagonized the Welsh marcher lords. They mad an alliance with Edward's cousin, Thomas of Lancaster, but were defeated by Edward at Boroughbridge, co. York, in March 1322. His reliance on the Despensers aroused the resentment of his queen, Isabelle. While on a diplomatic mission in 1325 to Paris involving the dispute over Edward's French lands, she became the mistress of Roger Mortimer, an exiled baronial opponent of Edward. In 1326 Isabelle and Roger invaded England, executed the Despensers, and deposed Edward on 7 Jan. 1327 in favour of his son Edward. Edward II of England, King of England, was murdered in Berkeley Castle on 21 Sep 1327, apparently in an attempt to escape the castle, and was buried it is said, at Gloucester. [1]
    • In 1284 Edward I was in Wales following his successful conquest of the country. His wife, Eleanor, gave birth to a son and heir, Edward, while they were staying at Caernarfon. there has long been a tradition that Edward held up his baby son at a gathering of Welsh nobles and said: 'Here is your new Prince of Wales'. In fact Edward was not made Prince of Wales until 1301, but ever since that time, the monarch's eldest son has received the title of Prince of Wales.

      One of the sadder personalities among English monarchs, it is hard not to feel sorry for Edward II, not only for the terrible manner of his death but also for the difficulties that beset him during his 20 year reign. He was finally deposed and, in 1327, horribly murdered on his wife's orders.

      Blessed with good health, good looks, and a good brain, Edward was physically strong and enjoyed a variety of sporting interest. However, his loyalty to his friends, one of his greatest virtues, led to his downfall, for he was a poor judge of men. [2]
    Crowned Between 23 and 25 Feb 1308  Westminster Abbey Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Born 25 Apr 1284  Caernarvon Castle, Caernarvonshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 4, 5, 7
    Gender Male 
    Burial Gloucester Cathedral Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Fact 1301  The First Prince of Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Fact Between 1307 and 1327  King of England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Deposed 20 Jan 1327  [3
    Name Edward II Of Coernarvon  [3
    Died 21 Sep 1327  (Murdered) Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucesteshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 5, 7
    Buried Gloucester Cathedral,Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Notes 
    • Illegitimate Issue of Edward II:

      Adam, b. 1310, about whom almost nothing is known except that he accompanied his father on the 1322 Scottish campaign.
      [Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW]

      [ingram1.FTW]

      http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal00286
      Reigned 1307-1327 deposed and murdered. 1st Prince of Wales His reign was troubled by extravagances, his militarist disasters in Scotland notably at Bannockburn (1314) and unpopularity of his favourite peers Gaveston who died in 1312 and Hugh le Despencer 1262-1326. He was deposed on 21 Jan 1327, and murdered by a red-hot poker in his bowels. Invested as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301.
    Person ID I21294  Main Tree
    Last Modified 18 May 2018 

    Father Edward I "Longshanks"Of ENGLAND,   b. 17 Jun 1239, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Jul 1307, Burgh-on-the-Sands, near Carlisle Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Eleanor of CASTILE,   b. 1244, Burgos, Burgos, Castile, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Nov 1290, Herdeby, Lincolnshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married Oct 1254  Las Huelgas Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Married Oct 1254  Abbey of Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castile Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Married 18 Oct 1254  [1, 4, 5, 7
    Family ID F05216  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Isabella Of FRANCE,   b. 1295, Paris, Seine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1358, Castle Rising, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Married 25 Jan 1308  Boulogne Cathedral, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 5
    Children 
     1. John Of ENGLAND,   b. 25 Aug 1316, Elthem Palace, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Sep 1336, Perth in Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 20 years)  [Birth]
     2. Alianor Of ENGLAND,   b. 8 Jun 1318, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Apr 1355, Deventer, Overijsel, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years)  [Birth]
     3. Joan Of ENGLAND,   b. 05 Jul 1321, Tower Of London, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Sep 1362, Hertfield, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years)  [Birth]
     4. Edward III King Of ENGLAND,   b. 13 Nov 1312, Windsor, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jun 1377, Sheen Palace, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 18 May 2021 
    Family ID F03364  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 25 Apr 1284 - Caernarvon Castle, Caernarvonshire, Wales Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBurial - - Gloucester Cathedral Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFact - Between 1307 and 1327 - King of England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 25 Jan 1308 - Boulogne Cathedral, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 21 Sep 1327 - (Murdered) Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucesteshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Gloucester Cathedral,Gloucestershire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S5008] "Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists", David Faris, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.).

    2. [S9498] Kings & Queens of England and Scotland, Plantagenet Somerset Fry.

    3. [S01910] Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399 by. T. Anna Leese.

    4. [S03483] The Spear and the Spindle: Ancestors of Sir Francis Bryan (d. 1550), Kt.

    5. [S03311] Royalty For Commoners - Fourth Edition, Roderick W. Stuart, (Name: Name: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc;;).

    6. [S5682] "Walworth-Walsworth Genealogy" 1689-1962 Descendants Male & Female of William Walworth & Mary Abigail Seaton, Reginald Wellington Walworth.

    7. [S5840] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonist Who Came to America before 1700, Frederick Lewis Weis.

    8. [S02170] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Tompsett, Brian C.

    9. [S02447] Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW.
      Date of Import: Oct 13, 2000