Philip I The Handsome King Of CASTILE

Male 1478 - 1506  (28 years)

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  • Name Philip I The Handsome King Of CASTILE  [1, 2
    Born 22 Jul 1478  Bruges Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Name Phillip I King Of Spain  [1
    Died 25 Sep 1506  [2
    • Wikipedia Encyclopedia:
      Philip the Handsome (July 22, 1478 ? September 25, 1506), (Felipe el Hermoso - Philipp der Schˆne - Philippe le Beau) was the son of the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I. Through his mother Mary of Burgundy he inherited the greater part of the Burgundian state and through his wife Joanna the Mad he briefly succeeded to the kingdom of Castile. He was the first Habsburg ruler in Spain and his successors reckoned him as Philip I of Spain.
      Philip was born in Bruges, then in the County of Flanders (today in Belgium). And was named after his grandfather, Philip the Good. In 1482, upon the death of his mother Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold, he succeeded to her Burgundian possessions under the guardianship of his father. A period of turmoil ensued which witnessed sporadic hostilities between, principally, the large towns of Flanders (especially Ghent and Bruges) and the supporters of Maximilian. During this interregnum, the young Philip became caught up in events and was even briefly sequestered in Bruges as part of the larger Flemish campaign to support their claims of greater autonomy, which they had wrested from Mary of Burgundy in an agreement known as the Blijde Inkomst or Joyous Entry of 1477. By the early 1490s, the turmoil of the interregnum gave way to an uneasy stand-off, with neither French support for the cities of the Franc (Flanders), nor Imperial support from Maximilian's father Frederick III proving decisive. Both sides came to terms in the Peace of Senlis in 1493, which smoothed over the internal power struggle by agreeing to make the 15-year old Philip prince in the following year.

      [edit] The Burgundian Inheritance and the Spanish Alliance
      In 1494 Maximilian relinquished his regency under the terms of the Treaty of Senlis and Philip, at the age of 16, took over the rule of the Burgundian lands himself, although in practice authority was derived from a council of Burgundian notables. On October 20, 1496, he married Joanna, daughter of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, in Lier, Belgium.

      The marriage was one of a set of family alliances between Habsburgs and Trast·mara, designed to strengthen both the against growing French power, which had increased significantly thanks to the policies of Louis XI and the successful assertion of regal power after war with the League of the Public Weal. The matter became more urgent after Charles VIII's invasion of Italy (known as the First Peninsular War).

      Philip's sister Margaret married Juan, Prince of Asturias, the only son of Ferdinand and Isabella and successor to the unified crowns of Castile and Aragon. [1] The double alliance was never intended to let the Spanish kingdoms fall under Habsburg control. At the time of her marriage to Philip, Juana was third in line to the throne, with both Juan and his elder sister Isabella married and hopeful of progeny.

      [edit] The Castilian Inheritance
      In 1500, shortly after the birth of Juana and Philip's second child (the future Charles V), the succession to the Castilian and Aragonese crowns was thrown into turmoil. The heir presumptive, Juan, had died in 1497 very shortly after his marriage to Margaret of Austria. The succession thereby passed to Isabella, who had married Manuel I of Portugal. She died in 1498, while giving birth to a son, Miguel, to whom succession to the united crowns of Castile, Aragon and Portugal now fell; however, the infant was sickly, and he died during the summer of 1500. The succession to the Castilian and Aragonese crowns now fell to Juana. Because Ferdinand could conceivably produce another heir, the Cortes of Aragon refused to recognise Juana and Philip as the heirs presumptive to the Kingdom of Aragon. In Castile, however, the succession was clear. Moreover, there was no salic tradition which the Castilian Cortes could use to thwart the succession passing to Juana. At this point, the issue of Juana's mental incompetence moved from courtly annoyance to the centre of the political stage, since it was clear that Philip and his Burgundian entourage would be the real power-holders in Castile.

      In 1502, Philip, Juana and a large part of the Burgundian court travelled to Spain to receive fealty from the Cortes of Castile as king-consort of Juana, a journey chronicled in intense detail by Antoon van Lalaing (Antoine de Lalaing in French), the future Stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland. Philip and the majority of the court returned to the Low Countries in the following year, leaving a pregnant Juana behind in Spain, where she gave birth to Ferdinand, later Holy Roman Emperor. Philip's life with Joanna was rendered extremely unhappy by his infidelity and by her jealousy, which, working on a neurotic temperament, furthered her insanity. The princess gave way to paroxysms of rage, in which she was guilty of acts of atrocious violence. Before her mother's death, in 1504, she was unquestionably quite insane, and husband and wife lived apart.

      [edit] Struggle for Power in Spain
      When Isabella died, Ferdinand endeavoured to lay hands on the regency of Castile, but the nobles, who disliked and feared him, forced him to withdraw. Philip was summoned to Spain, where he was recognized as king. He landed, with his wife, at La CoruŅa on April 28, 1506, accompanied by a body of German mercenaries. Father and son-in-law mediated under Cardinal Cisneros at Remesal, near Puebla de Sanabria, and at Renedo, the only result of which was an indecent family quarrel, in which Ferdinand professed to defend the interests of his daughter, who he said was imprisoned by her husband.

      A civil war would probably have broken out between them; but Philip, who had only been in Spain long enough to prove his incapacity, died suddenly at Burgos, apparently of typhoid fever, on September 25, 1506. His wife refused for long to allow his body to be buried or to part from it.
    Person ID I10411  Main Tree

    Father Maximilian I Holy Roman EMPEROR,   b. 23 Mar 1459,   d. 12 Jan 1519  (Age 59 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Mother Marie Of BURGUNDY,   b. 13 Feb 1457,   d. 27 Mar 1482  (Age 25 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Married 18 Aug 1477 
    Family ID F07052  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Juana Queen Of CASTILE,   b. 06 Nov 1479,   d. 12 Apr 1555  (Age 75 years) 
    Married 1496  [2
     1. Ferdinand I Holy Roman EMPEROR,   b. 10 Mar 1503, Madrid Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jul 1564  (Age 61 years)  [Natural]
     2. Maria Of AUSTRIA,   b. 18 Sep 1505,   d. 18 Oct 1558  (Age 53 years)  [Natural]
     3. Leonor Of CASTILE,   b. 24 Nov 1498, Brussels Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Feb 1558, Talavera Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)  [Natural]
     4. Catharina Of SPAIN,   b. 14 Jan 1507,   d. 12 Feb 1578  (Age 71 years)  [Natural]
     5. Isabella Of BURGUNDY,   b. 18 Jul 1501,   d. 19 Jan 1526  (Age 24 years)  [Natural]
     6. Charles V Holy Roman EMPEROR,   b. 24 Feb 1500,   d. 21 Sep 1558  (Age 58 years)  [Natural]
    Family ID F07046  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 22 Jul 1478 - Bruges Link to Google Earth
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  • Sources 
    1. [S01910] Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399 by. T. Anna Leese.

    2. [S03581] Wikipedia Encyclopedia.