Ferdinand V of Castile Ferdinand II King Of ARAGON

Male 1452 - 1516  (64 years)

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  • Name Ferdinand II King Of ARAGON  [1, 2
    Title Ferdinand V of Castile 
    Born 10 Mar 1452  [2
    Gender Male 
    Fact Between 1468 and 1516  King of Castile, Sicily Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Fact 1469  Became Ferdinand V of Castile when he married Isabella Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Fact Between 1479 and 1516  King of Aragon Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Fact Between 1504 and 1516  King of Naples Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Death 1516  [1
    Name Ferdinand V King Of Aragon  [1
    Died 23 Jun 1516  Madrigalejo, Caceres, Extremadura Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    • Wikipedia Encyclopedia:

      Ferdinand was the son of John II of Aragon by his second wife, the Aragonese noblewoman Juana Enriquez. He married Infanta Isabella, the half-sister and heiress of Henry IV of Castile, on October 19, 1469 in OcaŅa and became Ferdinand V of Castile when Isabella succeeded her brother as Queen of Castile in 1474. The two young monarchs were initially obliged to fight a civil war against Juana, princess of Castile (also known as Juana la Beltraneja), the purported daughter of Henry IV, but were ultimately successful. When Ferdinand succeeded his father as King of Aragon in 1479, the Crown of Castile and the various territories of the Crown of Aragon were united in a personal union creating for the first time since the 8th century a single political unit which might be called Spain, although the various territories were not properly administered as a single unit until the 18th century.

      The first decades of Ferdinand and Isabella's joint rule were taken up with the conquest of the Kingdom of Granada, the last Muslim enclave in the Iberian peninsula, which was completed by 1492. In that same year, the Jews were expelled from both Castile and Aragon, and Christopher Columbus was sent by the couple on his expedition which would ultimately discover the New World. By the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494, the extra-European world was split between the crowns of Portugal and Castile by a north-south line through the Atlantic Ocean.

      The latter part of Ferdinand's life was largely taken up with disputes over control of Italy with successive Kings of France, the so-called Italian Wars. In 1494, Charles VIII of France invaded Italy and expelled Ferdinand's cousin, Alfonso II, from the throne of Naples. Ferdinand allied with various Italian princes and with Emperor Maximilian I, to expel the French by 1496 and install Alfonso's son, Ferdinand, on the Neapolitan throne. In 1501, following the death of Ferdinand II of Naples and his succession by his uncle Frederick, Ferdinand of Aragon signed an agreement with Charles VIII's successor, Louis XII, who had just successfully asserted his claims to the Duchy of Milan, to partition Naples between them, with Campania and the Abruzzi, including Naples itself, going to the French and Ferdinand taking Apulia and Calabria. The agreement soon fell apart, and over the next several years, Ferdinand's great general Gonzalo Fern·ndez de CŪrdoba conquered Naples from the French, having succeeded by 1504. Another less famous "conquest" took place in 1503, when Andreas Paleologus, de jure Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, left Ferdinand and Isabella as heirs to the empire, thus Ferdinand became de jure Roman Emperor.

      After Isabella's death, her kingdom went to her daughter Joanna. Ferdinand served as the latter's regent during her absence in the Netherlands, ruled by her husband Archduke Philip. Ferdinand attempted to retain the regency permanently, but was rebuffed by the Castilian nobility and replaced with Joanna's husband, who became Philip I of Castile. After Philip's death in 1506, with Joanna mentally unstable, and her and Philip's son Charles of Ghent was only six years old, Ferdinand resumed the regency, ruling through Francisco Cardinal Jimenez de Cisneros, the Chancellor of the Kingdom.

      In 1508, war resumed in Italy, this time against Venice, which all the other powers on the peninsula, including Louis XII, Ferdinand, Maximilian, and Pope Julius II joined together against as the League of Cambrai. Although the French were victorious against Venice at the Battle of Agnadello, the League soon fell apart, as both the Pope and Ferdinand became suspicious of French intentions. Instead, the Holy League was formed, in which now all the powers joined together against France.

      In November 1511 Ferdinand and his son-in-law Henry VIII of England signed the Treaty of Westminster, pledging mutual aid between the two against France. Earlier that year, Ferdinand had conquered the southern half of the Kingdom of Navarre, which was ruled by a French nobleman, and annexed it to Spain. At this point Ferdinand remarried with the much younger Germaine of Foix (1490?1538), a grand-daughter of Queen Leonor of Navarre, to reinforce his claim to the kingdom. The Holy League was generally successful in Italy, as well, driving the French from Milan, which was restored to its Sforza dukes by the peace treaty in 1513. The French were successful in reconquering Milan two years later, however.

      Ferdinand died in 1516 in Madrigalejo, C·ceres, Extremadura. He had made Spain the most powerful country in Europe. The succession of his grandson Charles, who would inherit not only the Spanish lands of his maternal grandparents, but the Habsburg and Burgundian lands of his paternal family, would make his heirs the most powerful rulers on the continent. Charles succeeded him in the Aragonese lands, and was also granted the Castilian crown jointly with his insane mother, bringing about at long last the unification of the Spanish thrones under one head.
    Person ID I02451  Main Tree

    Father Juan II King Of ARAGON 
    Relationship Unknown 
    Mother ? UNKNOWN 
    Family ID F00557  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Father Juan II King Of Navarre And ARAGON,   b. 29 Jun 1397,   d. 20 Jan 1479  (Age 81 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Mother Juana ENRIQUEZ 
    Relationship Natural 
    Family ID F17417  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Isabella I Queen Of Castile And LEON,   b. 23 Apr 1451,   d. 26 Nov 1504  (Age 53 years) 
    Married 18 Oct 1469  [1
    Married 19 Oct 1469  Ocana Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    +1. Catherine Of ARAGON,   b. 16 Dec 1485, Alcala de Henares Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Jan 1536  (Age 50 years)  [Birth]
     2. Juan Of ARAGON,   b. 28 Jun 1478, Seville, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 04 Oct 1497, Salamanca Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 19 years)  [Natural]
     3. Maria Of ARAGON,   b. 29 Jun 1482,   d. 07 Mar 1517  (Age 34 years)  [Natural]
     4. Juana Queen Of CASTILE,   b. 06 Nov 1479,   d. 12 Apr 1555  (Age 75 years)  [Natural]
     5. Isabel Of ARAGON,   b. 02 Oct 1470,   d. Between 24 and 25 Aug 1498, Saragossa Find all individuals with events at this location  [Natural]
    Family ID F07093  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsFact - Between 1468 and 1516 - King of Castile, Sicily Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFact - Between 1479 and 1516 - King of Aragon Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFact - Between 1504 and 1516 - King of Naples Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S01910] Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399 by. T. Anna Leese.

    2. [S03581] Wikipedia Encyclopedia.