John II King Of FRANCE

Male 1319 - 1364  (44 years)

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  • Name John II King Of FRANCE  [1, 2
    Born 16 Apr 1319  [2
    Gender Male 
    Died 08 Apr 1364  [2
    • Wikipedia Encyclopedia:
      John II of France (French: Jean II de France; April 16, 1319?April 8, 1364), was Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, and Duke of Normandy from 1332, Count of Poitiers from 1344, and Duke of Guyenne from 1345, and King of France from 1350 until his death, as well as Duke of Burgundy from 1361 on. John was a member of the Valois Dynasty and was the son of Philippe VI and Jeanne of Burgundy. John was nicknamed John the Good (Jean le Bon).

      John's coronation as king took place in 1350 in the Notre-Dame de Reims. As king, John surrounded himself with poor administrators, preferring to enjoy the good life his wealth as king brought. The men he relied on to administer his kingdom were brutal thieves but eventually King Jean changed.

      In the 1356 Battle of Poitiers against Edward, the Black Prince (son of King Edward III of England), Jean suffered a humiliating defeat and was taken as captive back to England. While negotiating a peace accord, he was at first held in the Savoy Palace, then at a variety of locations, including Windsor, Hertford, Somerton Castle in Lincolnshire, and Berkhamsted Castle in Hertfordshire. A local tradition in St Albans is that he was held in a house in that town, at the site of the 15th-century Fleur de Lys inn, before he was moved to Hertford. There is a sign on the inn to that effect, but apparently no evidence to confirm the tradition [1]. Eventually, John was taken to the Tower of London.

      As a prisoner of the English, John was granted royal privileges, permitted to travel about, and to enjoy a regal lifestyle. At a time when law and order was breaking down in France and the government was having a hard time raising money for the defense of the realm, his account books during his captivity show that he was purchasing horses, pets and clothes while maintaining an astrologer and a court band.[citation needed]

      The 1360 Treaty of BrČtigny set his ransom at 3,000,000 crowns. In keeping with the honor between himself and King Edward III, and leaving his son Louis of Anjou in English-held Calais as a replacement hostage, John was allowed to return to France to raise his ransom funds.

      While King John tried to raise the money, his son Louis, accorded the same royal dignity, easily escaped from the English. An angry King John surrendered himself again to the English, claiming an inability to pay the ransom as the reason. The true motive of John's decision remains murky today, with many pointing to the devastation in France caused by war with England and the Jacquerie peasant uprising as likely candidates. His councillors and nearly the whole nation was critical of the decision, since they had raised the ransom through painstaking sacrifice. However Jean arrived in England in early 1364, looked upon by ordinary citizens and English royalty alike with great admiration. Accordingly, he was held as an honored prisoner in the Savoy Palace but died in London a few months later.

      His body was returned to France, where he was interred in the royal chambers at Saint Denis Basilica
    Person ID I23132  Main Tree

    Father Philippe VI Of FRANCE,   b. Abt 1293, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1350, Nogent Le Rotrou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 57 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Mother Jeanne Of BURGUNDY,   b. Abt 1290,   d. 1349  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Relationship Natural 
    Married Jul 1313  [2
    Family ID F17471  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Bonne Of BOHEMIA,   b. 20 May 1315,   d. 11 Sep 1349  (Age 34 years) 
     1. Isabelle Of FRANCE,   b. 01 Oct 1348,   d. 11 Sep 1372  (Age 23 years)  [Natural]
     2. Joan Of FRANCE,   b. 21 Jun 1343,   d. 03 Nov 1373  (Age 30 years)  [Natural]
     3. Philip II Duke Of BURGUNDY,   b. 17 Jan 1342,   d. 27 Apr 1404  (Age 62 years)  [Natural]
     4. John Of Valois Duke Of BERRY,   b. 30 Nov 1340,   d. 15 Mar 1416  (Age 75 years)  [Natural]
     5. Louis I Of Naples And ANJOU,   b. 23 Jul 1339, Chateau de Vincennes Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Sep 1384, Bisellia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)  [Natural]
     6. Marie Valois Of FRANCE,   b. 12 Sep 1344,   d. Oct 1404  (Age 60 years)  [Natural]
     7. Marguerite Of FRANCE,   b. 1347,   d. 1352  (Age 5 years)  [Natural]
     8. Charles V The Wise Of FRANCE,   b. 31 Jan 1338, Vincennes, Ile-de-France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Sep 1380  (Age 42 years)  [Natural]
     9. Agnes Of FRANCE,   b. 1345,   d. 1349  (Age 4 years)  [Natural]
    Family ID F17472  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S01910] Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399 by. T. Anna Leese.

    2. [S03581] Wikipedia Encyclopedia.