Richard I 'Coeur de Loin' King Of ENGLAND

Male 1157 - 1199  (41 years)


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  • Name Richard I 'Coeur de Loin' King Of ENGLAND  [1, 3
    • Richard of England 'Coeur de Lion', third but eldest surviving son, born 8 Sep 157, Duc d'Aquitaine, Comte de poitou; succeeded father as king of England (and the French lands) and was crowned 3 Sep 1189; immediately set about organizing an army to join the French and Germans on the Third Crusade, whose aim was to recover Jerusalem, captured from the westerners by the Muslins in 1187, to the shame of western Christendom. Richard left England on 12 Dec 1189; secured Acre and Jaffa and defeated the Muslims in the battle of Arsuf, but his forces were not sufficiently strong to gain Jerusalem. He had to be content with making truce with the Islamic leader Saladin, who much admired him. On Richard's journey home he was imprisoned in Germany; he was released in 1194 on payment of a huge ransom; returned to England on 13 Mar 1194. His brother John had stirred up tensions in England by challenging the rule of his deputy 9justiciar) there. His overlord in France, Philippe Augustus encouraged dissidents there. But after his return Richard turned his formidable military talent to wage war against the French King. In 1199, during a minor siege at Chalus in Aquitaine, Richard was fatally injured by a crossbow bolt; died 6 Apr 1199 s.p. buried with his parents at Fontevrault Abbey. [1]
    • Richard I captured the popular imagination with his crusading zeal and his chivalry. However, England saw him for only seven months of a ten-year reign, and paid dearly for his faraway campaigns and the huge ransom that secured his freedom, only to see him return to France where he died.

      Richard was tall, long-legged, athletic, and powerful. A well-educated man, he showed tremendous personal courage in battle and was justifiably known as the Lionheart (Coeur de Lion). [2]
    Born 08 Sep 1157  Oxford, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Gender Male 
    Crowned 03 Sep 1189  Westminster Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Fact Richard I the Lion-Heart Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Died 06 Apr 1199  Chalus, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Buried 08 Apr 1199  Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Notes 
    • Richard I the Lion Heart, died while beseiging the castle of Chalus.
      From "Eleaor of Castile 1290-1990, pg 16: His heart was buried at Rouen.
      From " The Plantagenet Chronicles, pg 173: His entrails were buried at Charroux in Poitou.

      Richard I, though king of England, spent less than a year there, seeing his hingdom as only a source of revenue to suppport his love of fighting. He raised money "by fair means and foul" and was quoted as saying that he would sell London itself if he could find a buyer. He considered the Aquitaine his home and never learned to speak English. His crowned queen, Berengaria, never visited England.

      Richard and Berengaria had no children.

      Illegitamate Issue: Philip (Philip de Cognac) born before his father came to the throne; died about 1211. His mother is unknown. He was given by his father the castle and honor of Cognac; it is possible he was given as a wife Ameli, the daughter of the Lord of Cognac. He later sold his lordship to Richard's successor, John.
    Person ID I21371  Main Tree
    Last Modified 18 May 2018 

    Father Henry II 'Curtmantle' King Of ENGLAND,   b. 05 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 06 Jul 1189, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Relationship Adopted 
    Mother Eleanor Of AQUITAINE,   b. Abt 1122, Chateau De Belin, Bordeaux, Aquitaine Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1204, Poiters, Poitou, Aquitaine Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 82 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 18 May 1152  Bordeaux, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5, 6
    Married 18 May 1152  Bordeau, Gironde, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 7, 8
    Family ID F03770  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Berengaria Princess Of NAVARRE,   b. Abt 1163, Pampeluna, Navarra, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1230, Abbey De Espans, Sarthe, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 67 years) 
    Married 12 May 1191  Chapel of St. George, Limasol, Cyprus Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Last Modified 28 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F03693  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 12 May 1191 - Chapel of St. George, Limasol, Cyprus Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 06 Apr 1199 - Chalus, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 08 Apr 1199 - Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Loire, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S5008] "Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists", David Faris, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.).

    2. [S9498] Kings & Queens of England and Scotland, Plantagenet Somerset Fry.

    3. [S01910] Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399 by. T. Anna Leese.

    4. [S02447] Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW.
      Date of Import: Oct 13, 2000

    5. [S5452] A Who's Who of Your Ancestral Saints, Alan J. Koman, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. - Baltimore).

    6. [S5840] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonist Who Came to America before 1700, Frederick Lewis Weis.

    7. [S02258] Families Directly Descended from "All the Royal Families in Europe" (495-1932) and Mayflower Descendants, Mrs. (Oscar Herbert) Elizabeth M. Leach Rixford, (Name: Name: Clearfield Company, Inc., Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.;;).

    8. [S03311] Royalty For Commoners - Fourth Edition, Roderick W. Stuart, (Name: Name: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc;;).