Edward III King Of ENGLAND

Male 1312 - 1377  (64 years)


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  • Name Edward III King Of ENGLAND  [1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
    • Edward III of England, King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duc d'Aguitaine, Earl of Chester, was born at Windsor Castle, co. Berks, on 13 Nov. 1312. He succeeded his father as from 24 Jan 1326/7, and was crowned aged fifteen at Westminster Abbey on 29 Jan 1326/7. During his first four years of his reign England was governed in his name by his mother and Roger Mortimer. Edward assumed personal rule on 19-20 Oct 1330, and had Mortimer executed. In 1333 he reversed Isabelle's and Mortimer's policy of peace with Scotland by invading it, reviving the ambitions of his grandfather King Edward I. Edward III's main foreign preoccupation, however, from 1337 onwards was France, whose king, Philippe VI, then declared his Ducy of Gascony forfeited. Edward formally assumed the title ensued with some respite from truces. The financial burden of the war roused resentment which was assuaged somewhat when Edward negotiated the main war taxes with the representatives of the shires and the borough communities sitting in parliament. He aroused enthusiasm for the war by engaging the chivalrous interests of the nobles in it and stirring up distrust and hatred of the French. Edward won the battle of Sluys in Flanders in June 1340. Bubonic plague (the Black Death) made its first appearance in England during his reign in 1348. His son Edward 'the Black Prince' captured the French king, Jean II, in his victory at Poitiers in 1356. In 1360 Jean the Duchy of Aquitaine in full sovereignty. The gains won by English armed forces however could not be sustained in the face of sustained French resources. In the war of 1369-75 Jean's son Charles V won back from Edward what had been conceded in 1360. By the tie of his death he had been discredited. His wife and consort died at Windsor Castle on 15 Aug 1369. Edward III of England, King of England, died at Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, on 21 June 1377. They were buried at Westminster Abbey. The descendants of their sons, Lionel of Clarence, John of Lancaster, and Edmund of York, contested the Throne for generations ending the Wars of the Roses from 1455 to 1485. [1]
    • Edward ruled for 50 years, reign dominated by the 100 Years' War with France. Edward's principal aim was to unite the nobility into a cohesive class of public servants, motivated by chivalry, enriched by the wealth he enabled them to win, and tied to the crown through marriage to his relatives.

      Tall and handsome, with gold-red hair, Edward was a flamboyant affable, and generous man. He excelled in the knightly arts, and loved hunting and falconry. He was much loved by his people. [2]
    Born 13 Nov 1312  Windsor, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10
    Gender Male 
    Burial Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Fact Between 1327 and 1377  King of England Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 8
    Crowned 02 Feb 1327  Westminster Abbey Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Death 21 Jun 1377  Shene Palace, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 10
    Died 21 Jun 1377  Sheen Palace, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 5, 6, 9
    Buried Westminster Abbey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 11
    Notes 
    • [Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW]

      [ingram1.FTW]

      http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal01229
      Reigned 1327-1377. Edward assumed effective power in 1330 after imprisoning his mother and executing her lover Roger de Mortimer who had murdered his father; therafter his reign was dominated by military adventures. His victory in Scotland, especially at Haildon Hill 1333 encouraged him to plan (1363) the union of England and Scotland. Through his mother he claimed the French throne thus starting (1337) the Hundred years war. His son John of Gaunt dominated the government during his last years. Died of a Stroke.
    Person ID I21295  Main Tree
    Last Modified 25 Oct 2019 

    Father Edward II King Of ENGLAND,   b. 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon Castle, Caernarvonshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Sep 1327, (Murdered) Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucesteshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Isabella Of FRANCE,   b. 1295, Paris, Seine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1358, Castle Rising, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married 25 Jan 1308  Boulogne Cathedral, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Married 25 Jan 1308  Boulogne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4, 6, 12
    Family ID F03364  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Philippa Of HAINAULT,   b. 24 Jun 1311, Valenciennes Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 24 Jan 1328  York Minster, York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5, 6, 9, 10
    Children 
     1. Edward 'the black prince' Of ENGLAND,   b. 15 Jun 1330, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 08 Jun 1376, Westminster Palace Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)  [Birth]
     2. Isabel Of ENGLAND,   b. 16 Jun 1332, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 07 Oct 1382, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 50 years)  [Birth]
     3. Joan Of ENGLAND,   b. Abt Feb 1335, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 02 Sep 1348, Bayonne Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 13 years)  [Birth]
     4. William Of ENGLAND,   b. Bef 16 Feb 1337, Hatfield, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 08 Jul 1337  (Age < 0 years)  [Birth]
     5. Lionel 'of Antwerp' Of CLARENCE,   b. 29 Nov 1338, Antwerp, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Oct 1368, Alba, Piedmont, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)  [Birth]
    +6. John Of GAUNT,   b. Mar 1340, St Bavon's Abbey, Ghent, Flanders Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 03 Feb 1399, Leicester Castle, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 58 years)  [Birth]
     7. Edmund "Of Langley" of YORK,   b. 5 Jun 1344, King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 01 Aug 1402, Langley, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)  [Birth]
     8. Blanche Of ENGLAND,   b. Mar 1342,   d. Mar 1342, Tower of London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 0 years)  [Birth]
     9. Mary Of ENGLAND,   b. 10 Oct 1344, Walton near Winchester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1361 and 1362  (Age 16 years)  [Birth]
     10. Margaret Of ENGLAND,   b. 20 Jul 1346, Windsor, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 01 Oct 1361  (Age > 15 years)  [Birth]
     11. William Of ENGLAND,   b. Bef 24 Jun 1348, Windsor, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1348  (Age > 0 years)  [Birth]
     12. Thomas Of GLOUCESTER,   b. 07 Jan 1354/5, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 08 and 15 Sep 1397, Murdered at Calais, Pas-De-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [Birth]
    Last Modified 28 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F03104  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsFact - Between 1327 and 1377 - King of England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S5008] "Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists", David Faris, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.).

    2. [S9498] Kings & Queens of England and Scotland, Plantagenet Somerset Fry.

    3. [S02447] Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW.
      Date of Import: Oct 13, 2000

    4. [S01910] Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399 by. T. Anna Leese.

    5. [S03483] The Spear and the Spindle: Ancestors of Sir Francis Bryan (d. 1550), Kt.

    6. [S03311] Royalty For Commoners - Fourth Edition, Roderick W. Stuart, (Name: Name: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc;;).

    7. [S5682] "Walworth-Walsworth Genealogy" 1689-1962 Descendants Male & Female of William Walworth & Mary Abigail Seaton, Reginald Wellington Walworth.

    8. [S5840] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonist Who Came to America before 1700, Frederick Lewis Weis.

    9. [S5452] A Who's Who of Your Ancestral Saints, Alan J. Koman, (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. - Baltimore).

    10. [S02776] The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 1998, Vol. 152 April.

    11. [S02170] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Tompsett, Brian C.

    12. [S01678] Ancestry GED # 16821.
      Date of Import: Jul 1, 2000