Robert the BRUCE

Male 1274 - 1329  (54 years)


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  • Name Robert the BRUCE  [2, 3
    • In 1306 Robert Bruce was crowned King of Scone, an event that enraged the dying Edward I of England, who set out to invade Scotland. Bruce fled, and for several years remained in hiding. In 1314, Bruce defeated the English army at Bannockburn. This defeat did not, however, result in recognition of Scotland's independence. The fighting continued until 1328, when Edward III formally recognized Bruce as king of an independent Scotland.

      In June 1314 Robert Bruce besieged Stirling Castle, which was held by the English. A huge army, sent by Edward II to relieve the castle, camped at Bannockburn, two miles to the south, and on 24 June the two armies met. Bruce's Scottish army was only one-third the size of the English army, but his soldiers managed to break the English lines. The English gave ground and fled from the field, the defeated Edward II among them.

      After Bannockburn, Bruce expected England to leave the country alone. this did not happen, and in 1320 a number of Scottish lords and bishops met in Arbroath and wrote to Pope John XXII insisting that he recognized Scotland's independence. 'For as long as one hundred of us shall remain alive we shall never in any wise consent to submit to the rule of the English, for it is bot for glory we fight...but for freedom alone.'

      Robert Bruce had considerable inventive powers and was good natured, humane, and courageous. For a time he supported the activities of Edward I in Scotland, partly because his family had received a number of privileges from the English kings, but as a young man he had joined William Wallace's revolt, and the capture and execution of Wallace in 1305 confirmed his opposition to the rule of Edward I.

      Bruce was welcomed by his countrymen when he formally claimed the Scottish throne as Robert I in 1306, and his campaign to rid Scotland of the English quickly gathered support, largely as a result of his personal magnetism. [1]
    Born 11 Jul 1274  Writtle Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Lord Of Annandale  [2
    Fact 9 Nov 1292  Succeeded as Earl of Carrick Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Fact 1 25 Mar 1306  Crowned Robert I, King of Scots, at Scone Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Died 7 Jun 1329  Cardross, near Dumbarton Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I08592  Main Tree
    Last Modified 16 Aug 2018 

    Father Robert BRUCE,   b. Jul 1243, Writtle Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Mar 1304  (Age ~ 60 years) 
    Relationship Birth 
    Mother Marjorie Of CARRICK,   d. 1292 
    Relationship Birth 
    Family ID F32937  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Isabel of MAR,   d. Bef 1302 
    Married Abt 1295  [3
    Children 
     1. David II (Bruce) King Of SCOTLAND,   d. Between 22 Feb 1370 and 1371, Edinburgh Castle Find all individuals with events at this location  [Birth]
    +2. Marjorie BRUCE,   b. Bef 1297,   d. 2 Mar 1316  (Age ~ 19 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2016 
    Family ID F04068  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Elizabeth DE BURGH,   d. 26 Oct 1327 
    Married 1302  [3
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2016 
    Family ID F32787  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 11 Jul 1274 - Writtle Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 Jun 1329 - Cardross, near Dumbarton Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S9498] Kings & Queens of England and Scotland, Plantagenet Somerset Fry.

    2. [S01910] Blood Royal, Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England 1066-1399 by. T. Anna Leese.

    3. [S5840] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonist Who Came to America before 1700, Frederick Lewis Weis.