Thomas AVERY

Male 1679 - Aft 1707  (28 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Thomas AVERY was born 20 Apr 1679, Groton, New London County, Connecticut; was christened 29 Jun 1679 (son of Thomas AVERY and Hannah MINER); died Aft 25 May 1707, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.

    Notes:

    Name:
    Thomas Avery was called yeoman of Saybrook on a deed dated 11 September 1703. He was involved in a controversy with Thomas Lord over land in Saybrook, which was settled 8 December 1704. He and his brother, Samuel Avery, sold land in "Pochange," Oyster River tract to Samuel Chapman on 5 June 1706, and 24 October 1706, he called himself of New London, gentleman, when he amended the prior deed to Chapman.

    Thomas married Anne SHAPLEY 12 Jul 1704, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA. Anne (daughter of Benjamin SHAPLEY and Mary PICKETT) was born 31 Aug 1685, New London, New London Co., Connecticut; died 17 Jun 1751, Groton, Connecticut. [Group Sheet]


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Thomas AVERY was born 06 May 1651, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA (son of Capt James AVERY and Joanna GREENSLADE); died 05 Jan 1735/36, Montville, New London, Connecticut, USA.

    Notes:

    Name:
    Thomas Avery may have lived for a short time at Stonington, but most of his life was spent at New London, first on the east side of the river in what is now Groton, and later in the North Parish, now called Montville. May 12, 1681, he was made a freeman of New London; May, 1693, he was commissioned captain of the train band on the east side of the river, New London; in 1694, he was deputy to the general court.....

    Thomas Avery received his share of his grandfather's estate by deed from his father, James Avery, April 1, 1685, and three weeks later sold it to his brother, Samuel. He also owned other land in New London. He was in the King Philip war of 1675, and, for his services, had lot No. 10 of arable land and lot No. 154 of cedar swamp allotted to him in Voluntown. He was in the ill-fated Fitz-John Winthrop expedition of 1690 which was to advance from Albany by way of Lake Champlain to Montreal. In his diary, Winthrop gives an account of the difficulties that they encountered. under the date of Aug. 4, 1690, is found the following:

    "I consulted with the officers & twas concluded to march forwards, & then devided our provition, wch was about 35 cakes of bread for each souldr, besides port, which was scarce eateavle. At this post (Saratoge) I left Liut Tho. Avery with some souldrs to gaurd our porvition to us wch was coming vp the river" (The Winthrop Papers, Massachusetts Hist. Col., Fifth Series, 8:314)"

    For an account of this expedition, see Avery's HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES AND ITS PEOPLE, vol. 3, pages 263, 264.

    The latter part of his life he lived near the Mohegan India reservation. On the 22d of June, 1720, Capt. Thomas Avery and his brother Capt. James Avery were appointed interpreters for the Mohegans in the suit then pending before the governor and council. In 1721, Caezer, the sachem of the Mohegans, conveyed to Thomas Avery 160 acres of land in consideration of the kindness shown them by Captain Avery and his family. Upon this land Thomas Avery lived; the house he built there is still standing. About ten years before his death, in consideration of love and good will and on account of the infirmities of age, he conveyed this land to his son, Abraham.

    The last entry of accessions to the church of New London during Mr. Bradstreet's ministry reads: "Sept. 10, 1682, Thomas Avery and wife were added to the Church." They were among the organizers of the church of the North Parish, afterward called Montville. Their names appear first on the list of original covenanters. Before the North Parish could enjoy religious services, a long-standing quarrel had to be settled. October, 1721, the parish petitioned the general court for liberty to form a separate church. The first name on the petition was that of Thomas Avery, the third was that of Abraham Avery. (Connecticut Ecclesiastical Archives, 2:251). Finally, Jan. 17, 1721, it was agreed that the meeting-house should stand on Raymond Hill, land being given for the purpose. In his church record, Mr. James Hillhouse, the first minister, says:

    "I was installed October the 3d day, 1722.
    Mr. Adams preached from Acts 16:9. There were seven that belonged to the Church at my installment- Capt. Avery, Capt. Denison, Mr. Nathl Otis, Mr. Allen, Mr. Vibber, Charles Campbell and one Deacon."

    Thomas married Hannah MINER 22 Oct 1677, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA. Hannah (daughter of Thomas MINER and Grace PALMER) was born 15 Sep 1655, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 06 Mar 1691/92. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Hannah MINER was born 15 Sep 1655, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA (daughter of Thomas MINER and Grace PALMER); died 06 Mar 1691/92.
    Children:
    1. 1. Thomas AVERY was born 20 Apr 1679, Groton, New London County, Connecticut; was christened 29 Jun 1679; died Aft 25 May 1707, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.
    2. Samuel AVERY was born 15 Nov 1680, Groton, New London County, Connecticut; was christened 2 Jan 1681, First Church of New London, Connecticut; died 25 Feb 1749/50, Montville, New London Co., Connecticut.
    3. Abraham AVERY was christened 6 Mar 1692, First Church of New London, Connecticut; died 23 Jun 1761, Montville, New London Co., Connecticut.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Capt James AVERYCapt James AVERY was born Abt 1620, Devonshire Co., England (son of Christopher AVERY and Margery STEPHENS); died 18 Apr 1700, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; was buried , Avery-Morgan Burial Ground, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.

    Notes:

    Name:
    Captain James Avery is often spoken as the founder of the family or clan that we call the Groton Averys. That he was the only child of Christopher Avery is plainly seen by the following entry on the books of the county court of New London, Connecticut, November 24, 1683:

    "Capt. James Avery appearing in this Court and there Declaring himself the only sonn & Heir of his Father Mr. Christopher Avery deceased and that there was neither sonn or Daughter but himself was sole heir and he desiring this court would so constitute him and give him power of administration upon the said estate of his father deceased. This Court having duly considered what hath been alleadged do approve of the same and judge the said Capt. James Avery to be the right and full heir to the said estate and do give him power of administrator to the estate of Mr. Christopher Avery his deceased father,

    Attest Charles Hill rec."

    James Avery came to America with his father and lived at Gloucester for several years. He married November 10, 1643, as appears by the records of Gloucester:

    "James Avery married Joane---- November 10, 1643."
    That her name was Joanne Greenslade is learned from her letter of dismissal from the church at Boston to the one at Gloucester in 1644. The first volume of admissions of the First Church of Boston contains what little information we have been able to glean concerning Joane Greenslade. On page 63 is a list of six names of which hers stands third among the admissions as follows:

    "The 18th day of ye 4th Moneth 1643 Joan Greenslade, a single woman."

    On page 66 of the same volume is an entry showing her dismissal to the church of Gloucester: "the 17th day of ye 1at Moneth 1644 Our Sister Joan greenslade now ye wife of one James Averill of Gloster had granted hir by ye Churches silence Ires of Recomend to ye Church at Gloster."

    She, however, seems to have retained her connection with the First Church at Boston, for on page 97 of the book of admissions is the record:
    "oe Sister Joan Avery with ye Consent of ye whole church was dismist unto ye church of christ at Pekot on ye 31 of ye 6th mo 1651.".....

    He soon became active in military affairs and is generally spoken of by the title of ensign, lieutenant, or captain. The region in which he lived was formerly the chief seat of the formidable Pequot tribe that, a few years before, had been almost exterminated by the English. The Pequot Fort, taken in 1637 by Captain John Mason in command of the Connecticut troops and their Mohegan and Narragansett allies, was on the Mystic River, on the eastern line of Groton. After the Pequot War, a few survivors of that once dreaded tribe still lived in the haunts of their fathers, with the Narragansetts on the east and the Mohegans under their sachem, Uncas, near by on the west. In 1657, the Narragansetts made a wild foray and Uncas fled from the blood and fire that marked their course. He took refuge in a fort and was besieged by his unrelenting foes. but, just in time, "Lieutenant James Avery, Mr. Brewster, Richard Haughton, Samuel Lothrop, and others well armed, succeeded in throwing themselves into the fort; and the Narragansetts, fearing to engage in a conflict with the English, broke up the siege and returned home." The legislature approved the measures that had been taken for the protection of the faithful ally of the English.....

    In 1668, James Avery and Cary Latham were chosen by the town to settle the boundary line with the sachem, Uncas. The L15 that secured the desired formal deed was paid by James Avery and two others in consideration of which each received 200 acres of land from the town. Captain Avery's services seem to have been often called for by the town and by individuals in the settling of such controversies. In 1678, the commissioners, granted Captain Avery five pounds "for his good service in assisting in the government of the Pequots for sundry years."........

    James Avery represented New London as deputy to the general court for many years. The record runs as follows: May, 1659, Oct. 1660; Oct. 1661; Oct., 1664; May and July 1665; May and Oct 1667; April and May 1668; May and Oct., 1669; May, 1675. Oct 1675, he was reported as absent. He was serving his country elsewhere-raising troops for the Indian war that terminated in the great swamp fight of December 19, 1675. We find him again a member of the general court 1676; also May and Oct., 1677; May, 1678; Oct., 1679; Oct., 1680 oct., 1682; May, 1683, May and July, 1684; May and Oct., 1685; Oct., 1686......

    In studying the record of those days, the careful student is strongly impressed with the fact that Capt. James Avery was a very remarkable man. Living as he did in stirring times, he was a leader among strong men, enjoying their confidence and respect because he deserved them. Especially is it to be noted that, although the state took cognizance of affairs that we now call private and interfered in the details of family life and personal relations in a way that would not now be tolerated, he was never censured or "presented" for any shortcoming or alleged dereliction of duty or propriety. Eminent in all the relations of life, his descendants look upon him with pride and affection as one SANS PEUR ET SANS REPROCHE.

    James married Joanna GREENSLADE 10 Nov 1643, Gloucester, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Joanna was born Abt 1622, Devonshire Co., England; died 16 Apr 1693, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut; was buried , Avery-Morgan Cemetery, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Joanna GREENSLADEJoanna GREENSLADE was born Abt 1622, Devonshire Co., England; died 16 Apr 1693, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut; was buried , Avery-Morgan Cemetery, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.
    Children:
    1. Hannah AVERY was born 12 Oct 1644, Gloucester, Essex Co., Massachusetts; died 22 Aug 1721, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA; was buried 24 Aug 1721, Taugwonk, New London, Connecticut.
    2. James AVERY, Jr. was born 15 Dec 1646, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 22 Aug 1728, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut; was buried , Avery-Morgan Cemetery, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.
    3. Mary AVERY was born 9 Feb 1647/48, Gloucester, Essex Co., Massachusetts; died 02 Feb 1697/98, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    4. 2. Thomas AVERY was born 06 May 1651, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 05 Jan 1735/36, Montville, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    5. John AVERY was born 10 Feb 1654, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 17 Apr 1724, North Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.
    6. Rebecca AVERY was born 06 Oct 1656, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died Aft 28 Apr 1707.
    7. Jonathan AVERY was born 05 Jan 1657/58, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died Aug 1681, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    8. Christopher AVERY was born 30 Apr 1661, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 08 Dec 1683, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    9. Samuel AVERY was born 14 Aug 1664, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut; died 01 May 1723, Ledyard, New London Co., Connecticut.
    10. Joanna AVERY was born 1669, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died Between 1670 and 1763.

  3. 6.  Thomas MINER was born 23 Apr 1608, Chew Magna, Somerset, England (son of Clement MINER and Sarah POPE); died 23 Oct 1690, Quiambaug, New London, Connecticut; was buried , Wequetequock Cemetery, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut.

    Other Events:

    • Immigration: 1630, Sailed from England in the Ship "Arabella" and landed at Salem, June 14.
    • Residence: 1634, Removed to Saybrook, in the colony of Connecticut, with the younger John Winthrop and company.
    • Fact: 1646, Elected a townsman and admitted to the rights accorded freemen
    • Death: 03 Oct 1690

    Notes:

    A long stone of rough granite lies in the ancient burial ground at Wickulequack, almost buried in the turf beneath, and bears the following inscription:

    Here lyeth the body of Lieutenant Thomas Minor
    Aged Eighty three years, departed 1690

    Thomas married Grace PALMER 29 Apr 1633/4. Grace (daughter of Walter PALMER and Elizabeth Smith BREWSTER) was born 09 May 1612, Yetminster, Dorset, England; died 31 Dec 1690, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA; was buried , Wequetequock Cemetery, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Grace PALMER was born 09 May 1612, Yetminster, Dorset, England (daughter of Walter PALMER and Elizabeth Smith BREWSTER); died 31 Dec 1690, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA; was buried , Wequetequock Cemetery, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut.

    Other Events:

    • Death: 12 Oct 1690, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA

    Notes:

    "Groups of Palmer Families from Walter Palmer of Charlestown and Rehoboth, Mass., Stonington, Conn. (1901) (NewEnglandAncestors.org)

    Grace Palmer, daughter of Walter and Elizabeth Palmer, was born in England between the years 1608-10. She became a member of the First Church in Charlestown, Middlesex County, Mass., June 1, 1632, at the same time her father and step-mother united with it. She married, in Charlestown, Thomas Minor, who was born in Chew Magne, county Somerset, England, April 23, 1608, and was of the tenth generation in the Minor family. He came in the fleet which bore John Winthrop, future governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which put into port at Cape Ann, now Salem, Essex Co., Mass., Saturday, June 12, 1630.
    Thomas Minor received Lot 18 in the first division of land at Mystic Side, now Charlestown, on the sixth of the first month, 1637. His future father-in-law, Walter Palmer, receiving Lot 15.
    From Charlestown, Thomas Minor migrated, first to Hingham, Plymouth County, where four children were born, thence to Stonington, New London County, Conn., where he bouth a large tract of land lying on the borders of Wequetequack Cove, in 1652, whereon he built his house, having made a brief previous residence in Hingham, Plymouth Co. Mass. going thence to New London in 1645, where he had a grant of one home lot and built a house, but sold the whole to settle at his final abode in Stonington, where he met with some difficulty, by the fact that a grant of three hundred acres of land from the town of New London to Governor Haynes, and sold by the latter to Walter Palmer, being found to cover Minor's lot. He, however, signed the conveyance, qualifying it by the reservation that he should inhabit the place until he should have time to erect another dwelling at Mistupet. He held a very prominent place in all the stirring events which ensued in the settlement of this plantation where he died October 23, 1690. She died October, 1690, and is said to have been born the same year as her husband.

    Children:
    1. John MINER was born 03 Jun 1635, Charlestown, Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts; died 17 Sep 1719, Woodbury, Litchfield Count, Connecticut.
    2. Clement MINER was born 1638, Hingham, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts; was christened 4 Mar 1638, Hingham, Massachusetts; died Oct 1700, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    3. Thomas MINER was born 1640, Hingham, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts; was christened 10 May 1640, Hingham, Massachusetts; died 20 Apr 1662, Narragansett, Washington Co., Rhode Island; was buried , Narragansett, Washington Co., Rhode Island.
    4. Ephraim MINER was born 27 Apr 1642, Hingham, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts; was christened 1 May 1642, Hingham, Massachusetts; died 16 May 1724, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA; was buried 21 May 1724, Taugwonk, New London, Connecticut.
    5. Joseph MINER was born Bef 25 Aug 1644, Hingham, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts; was christened 25 Aug 1644, Hingham, Massachusetts; died 31 Jan 1710/1, Stonington, Connecticut; was buried , Taugwonk Cemetery, Stonington, New London, Connecticut.
    6. Manasseh MINER was born 28 Apr 1647, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 22 Aug 1728, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    7. Ann MINER was born 28 Apr 1649, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 13 Aug 1652, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    8. Maria MINER was born 05 May 1651, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 29 Jan 1660, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA.
    9. Samuel MINER was born 04 Mar 1652, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 1682.
    10. 3. Hannah MINER was born 15 Sep 1655, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; died 06 Mar 1691/92.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Christopher AVERY was born 1590, Devonport or Ipplepen, Devon, England (son of Christopher AVERY and Johanna ?); died 12 Mar 1670, New London, New London Co., Conn..

    Notes:

    Name:
    CHRISTOPHER AVERY, the emigrant ancestor and progenitor of the Avery family, was born in England about 1590. He was a weaver by trade, and came to this country and located at Gloucester, Mass., where he was selectman in 1646, 1652 and 1654.
    His wife did not come to this country. In 1658 he sold lands at Gloucester and removed o Boston, where on the 16th of March, 1658/9 he purchased land, a small lot, about twenty-six by forty-six feet.

    Christopher Avery did not long retain this property, for March 22, 1663, he sold land to Ambrose Dew, for forty pounds. There had evidently been no increase of value in the five years that he had held possession. After being owned by two or three different person, it was bought by Mr. Stackpole about 1790. He now followed his son James to Connecticut, and August 8, 1665, purchased a house, orchard and lot of Robert Burrows in London. He was made freeman of the colony October, 1669.

    Christopher married Margery STEPHENS Abt 26 Aug 1616, Ipplepen, Devon, England. Margery (daughter of Edward STEPHENS and Margaret ?) was born 1590, Exeter, England; died 1643, Brixham, Devon, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Margery STEPHENS was born 1590, Exeter, England (daughter of Edward STEPHENS and Margaret ?); died 1643, Brixham, Devon, England.
    Children:
    1. 4. Capt James AVERY was born Abt 1620, Devonshire Co., England; died 18 Apr 1700, New London, New London, Connecticut, USA; was buried , Avery-Morgan Burial Ground, Groton, New London Co., Connecticut.

  3. 12.  Clement MINER was born Abt 1546, England (son of William MINER and Isabella HARCOPE); died 31 Mar 1640, England.

    Other Events:

    • Birth: Abt 1562, Chew Magna, Somerset, England
    • Death: Bef 31 Mar 1640, Chew Magna, Somerset, England

    Clement — Sarah POPE. [Group Sheet]


  4. 13.  Sarah POPE
    Children:
    1. 6. Thomas MINER was born 23 Apr 1608, Chew Magna, Somerset, England; died 23 Oct 1690, Quiambaug, New London, Connecticut; was buried , Wequetequock Cemetery, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut.

  5. 14.  Walter PALMER was born Aft 1585, Yetminster, Dorset, England (son of Walter PALMER and Elizabeth CARTER); died 10 Nov 1661, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA.

    Other Events:

    • Fact: 1631, Made a Freeman
    • Residence: 1642, Removed to Rehoboth, Plymouth Colony.
    • Death: 1662

    Walter married Elizabeth Smith BREWSTER Abt 1611, England. Elizabeth was born Between 1568 and 1593, Yetminster, Dorset, England; died Between 1623 and 1629, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 15.  Elizabeth Smith BREWSTER was born Between 1568 and 1593, Yetminster, Dorset, England; died Between 1623 and 1629, England.
    Children:
    1. 7. Grace PALMER was born 09 May 1612, Yetminster, Dorset, England; died 31 Dec 1690, Stonington, New London, Connecticut, USA; was buried , Wequetequock Cemetery, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut.
    2. John PALMER was born 1615, Yetminster, Dorset, England; died 24 Aug 1677, Kinningworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut.
    3. William PALMER was born Abt 1619, Yetminster, Dorset, England; died Bef 27 Mar 1697, Kinningworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut.
    4. Jonah PALMER was born Abt 1621, Yetminster, Dorset, England; died 22 Jun 1709, Rehoboth, Bristol Co., Massachusetts.
    5. Elizabeth PALMER was born Abt 1623, Yetminster, Dorset, England.