John Of GAUNT

Male 1340 - 1399  (~ 58 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  John Of GAUNT was born Mar 1340, St Bavon's Abbey, Ghent, Flanders (son of Edward III King Of ENGLAND and Philippa Of HAINAULT); died 03 Feb 1399, Leicester Castle, England; was buried , St.Paul's Cathedral, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Fact: John Plantagenet
    • Fact: Knight of the Garter
    • Fact: Prince of England
    • Fact: 2nd Duke of Lancaster
    • Fact: 5th Earl of Lancaster, Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester
    • Fact: 20 Sep 1342, Earl of Richmond
    • Fact: 13 Nov 1362, Duke Of Lancaster
    • Fact: Sep 1371, Titular King of Castile and Leon
    • Fact: 2 Mar 1390, Duke of Aquitaine

    Notes:

    [Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW]

    [ingram1.FTW]

    http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal01236
    Earl of Richmond. Some say born Jun 1340, but see CP vol.XIV,p.421.Earl of Derby, Lincoln. Duke of Aquitaine. Lord of Beaufort & Nogent.Burke says he died at Ely House, Holborn King of Castile & Leon. Lord of Bergerac & Roche-sur-Yon. The Complete Peerage vol.VII,pp.410-416 & vol.XIV,p.421.

    John of Lancaster (f Gaunt), Duke of Lancaster, fourth son, was married for the third time at Lincoln Cathedral on 13 Jan. 1395/6 to Katherine De Roet, widow of Hugh Swynford, Knt., of Coleby and Ketelthorpe, co., Lincoln. (died 1372), and younger daughter and co-heiress of Pain de Roet, Knt., Guienne King of Arms, a Hainaulter, and one of the knights of Queen Philippe's household. She was born probably in Hainault, about 1350 and had formerly been the governess to his daughters, and then his mistress, and by her he had children, born before marriage. The marriage was ratified and confirmed during the Great Schism by the Roman pope, Boniface IX. Their three sons were legitimised, with the assent of parliament, on 9 Feb. 1396/7, the patent confirmed by King Henry IV of 10 Feb. 1406/7, but with a saving clause barring them from succession to the throne. Their children were given the name Beaufort from their father's (lost) castle in Champagne which had devolved on him through his first wife, Blanche of Lancaster, a descendant of Blanche d'Artois who had purchased the lordship of Beaufort in 1270.

    Name:
    He was created Earl of Richmond on 20 Sep 1342. He was created Duke of Lancaster on 13 Nov 1362 in consequence of the marriage, and was ancestor of the Lancastrian Kings of England. In her right (Constance De Castille) John assumed in September 1371 the title of King of Castille and Leon. From 1376 until his death his diplomatic and military services in France and Guienne, and in Scotland, and his Spanish expedition (1386-88) formed interludes in the factious life of politics in which, as eldest uncle of King Richard II and his chief subject, he was involved. He was created Duke of Aquitaine on 2 Mar 1390.

    John married Blanche Of LANCASTER 19 May 1359, Queen's Chapel, Reading. Blanche (daughter of Henry "The Wryneck" Of GROSMENT and Isabel DE BEAUMONT) was born 25 Mar 1345; died 12 Sep 1368, Bolingbroke Castle; was buried , St. Paul's Cathedral. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Philippa Of LANCASTER was born 31 Mar 1360, Leicester; died 19 Jul 1415, Odivelas, near Lisbon; was buried , Batalha.
    2. John Of LANCASTER was born Abt 1362; died , young; was buried , St. Mary's Church.
    3. Edward Of LANCASTER was born Abt 1365; died , young; was buried , St. Mary's Church.
    4. Elizabeth Of LANCASTER was born 21 Feb 1363/4; died 24 Nov 1425; was buried , Burford Church, Salop.
    5. John Of LANCASTER was born Bef 4 May 1366; died , young.
    6. Henry IV King Of ENGLAND was born 04 Apr 1366, Bolingbroke Castle, England; died 20 Mar 1413, Jerusalem Chamber, Westminster Abbey; was buried , Canterbury Cathedral.
    7. Isabel Of LANCASTER was born Abt 1368; died , young.

    John married Constance Of CASTILE Sep 1371, Roquefort, Guienne, or St. Andrew. Constance (daughter of Peter IPedro I The Cruel Of CASTILE and Maria DE PADILLA) was born 1354, Castro Kerez; died 24 Mar 1394. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. John Of LANCASTER was born 1374, Ghent; died , young.
    2. Katherine Of LANCASTER was born 1372/3, Hertford; died 02 Jun 1418; was buried , Toledo.

    John married Katherine DE ROET 13 Jan 1395/6. Katherine (daughter of Payn DE ROET) was born 1350, Picardy, Somme, France; died 10 May 1403, Lincoln, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. John BEAUFORT was born Abt 1371, Chcateau De Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, France; died Between 16 Mar 1409 and 1410, St Catherine By The Tower Hospital, London, England; was buried , St. Michael's Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England.
    2. Henry BEAUFORT was born Abt 1375; died 11 Apr 1447; was buried , Winchester Cathedral.
    3. Thomas BEAUFORT was born Abt Jan 1377; died 31 Dec 1426, Greenwich Manor; was buried , Bury St. Edmunds.
    4. Joan BEAUFORT was born Abt 1379; died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Edward III King Of ENGLAND was born 13 Nov 1312, Windsor, England (son of Edward II King Of ENGLAND and Isabella Of FRANCE); died 21 Jun 1377, Sheen Palace, Surrey, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Burial: Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England
    • Fact: Between 1327 and 1377, King of England
    • Crowned: 02 Feb 1327, Westminster Abbey
    • Death: 21 Jun 1377, Shene Palace, Surrey, England

    Notes:

    [Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW]

    [ingram1.FTW]

    http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal01229
    Reigned 1327-1377. Edward assumed effective power in 1330 after imprisoning his mother and executing her lover Roger de Mortimer who had murdered his father; therafter his reign was dominated by military adventures. His victory in Scotland, especially at Haildon Hill 1333 encouraged him to plan (1363) the union of England and Scotland. Through his mother he claimed the French throne thus starting (1337) the Hundred years war. His son John of Gaunt dominated the government during his last years. Died of a Stroke.

    Name:
    Edward III of England, King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duc d'Aguitaine, Earl of Chester, was born at Windsor Castle, co. Berks, on 13 Nov. 1312. He succeeded his father as from 24 Jan 1326/7, and was crowned aged fifteen at Westminster Abbey on 29 Jan 1326/7. During his first four years of his reign England was governed in his name by his mother and Roger Mortimer. Edward assumed personal rule on 19-20 Oct 1330, and had Mortimer executed. In 1333 he reversed Isabelle's and Mortimer's policy of peace with Scotland by invading it, reviving the ambitions of his grandfather King Edward I. Edward III's main foreign preoccupation, however, from 1337 onwards was France, whose king, Philippe VI, then declared his Ducy of Gascony forfeited. Edward formally assumed the title ensued with some respite from truces. The financial burden of the war roused resentment which was assuaged somewhat when Edward negotiated the main war taxes with the representatives of the shires and the borough communities sitting in parliament. He aroused enthusiasm for the war by engaging the chivalrous interests of the nobles in it and stirring up distrust and hatred of the French. Edward won the battle of Sluys in Flanders in June 1340. Bubonic plague (the Black Death) made its first appearance in England during his reign in 1348. His son Edward 'the Black Prince' captured the French king, Jean II, in his victory at Poitiers in 1356. In 1360 Jean the Duchy of Aquitaine in full sovereignty. The gains won by English armed forces however could not be sustained in the face of sustained French resources. In the war of 1369-75 Jean's son Charles V won back from Edward what had been conceded in 1360. By the tie of his death he had been discredited. His wife and consort died at Windsor Castle on 15 Aug 1369. Edward III of England, King of England, died at Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, on 21 June 1377. They were buried at Westminster Abbey. The descendants of their sons, Lionel of Clarence, John of Lancaster, and Edmund of York, contested the Throne for generations ending the Wars of the Roses from 1455 to 1485.

    Edward ruled for 50 years, reign dominated by the 100 Years' War with France. Edward's principal aim was to unite the nobility into a cohesive class of public servants, motivated by chivalry, enriched by the wealth he enabled them to win, and tied to the crown through marriage to his relatives.

    Tall and handsome, with gold-red hair, Edward was a flamboyant affable, and generous man. He excelled in the knightly arts, and loved hunting and falconry. He was much loved by his people.

    Edward married Philippa Of HAINAULT 24 Jan 1328, York Minster, York, Yorkshire, England. Philippa (daughter of William III and Jeanne Of VALOIS) was born 24 Jun 1311, Valenciennes; died 15 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Philippa Of HAINAULT was born 24 Jun 1311, Valenciennes (daughter of William III and Jeanne Of VALOIS); died 15 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Crowned: 18 Feb 1330, Westminster Abbey
    • Death: 14 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle

    Children:
    1. Edward 'the black prince' Of ENGLAND was born 15 Jun 1330, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England; died 08 Jun 1376, Westminster Palace; was buried , Canterbury Cathedral.
    2. Isabel Of ENGLAND was born 16 Jun 1332, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England; died Bef 07 Oct 1382, London; was buried , Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England.
    3. Joan Of ENGLAND was born Abt Feb 1335, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England; died 02 Sep 1348, Bayonne; was buried , Bayonne Cathedral.
    4. William Of ENGLAND was born Bef 16 Feb 1337, Hatfield, England; died Bef 08 Jul 1337; was buried , King's Langley, Hertfordshire.
    5. Lionel 'of Antwerp' Of CLARENCE was born 29 Nov 1338, Antwerp, Belgium; died 17 Oct 1368, Alba, Piedmont, Italy; was buried , Clare Priory, Suffolk.
    6. 1. John Of GAUNT was born Mar 1340, St Bavon's Abbey, Ghent, Flanders; died 03 Feb 1399, Leicester Castle, England; was buried , St.Paul's Cathedral, London, England.
    7. Edmund "Of Langley" of YORK was born 5 Jun 1344, King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England; died 01 Aug 1402, Langley, Hertfordshire, England; was buried , Church of the Mendicant Friars, Langley.
    8. Blanche Of ENGLAND was born Mar 1342; died Mar 1342, Tower of London; was buried , Chapel of St. Peter, Westminster Abbey.
    9. Mary Of ENGLAND was born 10 Oct 1344, Walton near Winchester, England; died Between 1361 and 1362; was buried , Abbey Church, Abingdon, Berkshire, England.
    10. Margaret Of ENGLAND was born 20 Jul 1346, Windsor, England; died Aft 01 Oct 1361; was buried , Abbey Church, Abingdon, Berkshire, England.
    11. William Of ENGLAND was born Bef 24 Jun 1348, Windsor, England; died Sep 1348; was buried 05 Sep 1348, St.Edmund's Chapel, Westminster Abbey.
    12. Thomas Of GLOUCESTER was born 07 Jan 1354/5, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England; died Between 08 and 15 Sep 1397, Murdered at Calais, Pas-De-Calais, France; was buried , Westminster Abbey.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Edward II King Of ENGLAND was born 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon Castle, Caernarvonshire, Wales (son of Edward I "Longshanks"Of ENGLAND and Eleanor of CASTILE); died 21 Sep 1327, (Murdered) Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucesteshire, England; was buried , Gloucester Cathedral,Gloucestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Burial: Gloucester Cathedral
    • Name: Edward II Of Coernarvon
    • Crowned: Between 23 and 25 Feb 1308, Westminster Abbey
    • Birth: 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon Castle, WAL
    • Fact: 1301, The First Prince of Wales
    • Fact: Between 1307 and 1327, King of England
    • Deposed: 20 Jan 1327
    • Death: 21 Sep 1327, Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire, ENGL

    Notes:

    Illegitimate Issue of Edward II:

    Adam, b. 1310, about whom almost nothing is known except that he accompanied his father on the 1322 Scottish campaign.
    [Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW]

    [ingram1.FTW]

    http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal00286
    Reigned 1307-1327 deposed and murdered. 1st Prince of Wales His reign was troubled by extravagances, his militarist disasters in Scotland notably at Bannockburn (1314) and unpopularity of his favourite peers Gaveston who died in 1312 and Hugh le Despencer 1262-1326. He was deposed on 21 Jan 1327, and murdered by a red-hot poker in his bowels. Invested as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301.

    Name:
    Edward II of England (of Caenarvon), eldest surviving son and heir, was born at Caernarvon, co, Caernarvon, Wales, on 25 Apr 1284. He was crowned on 25 Feb 1308. He had little success in meeting the problems left by his father in Scotland and Gascony, and with the barons. He failed to appease the barons by consultation or the borough communities by curbing the activities of his officials, and angered them by the favours which he bestowed on a foreigner, Peter de Gaveston. In 1310 Edward agreed to a degree of baronial control over government. The barons seized Gaveston and executed him in June 1312. Robert I (the Bruce), King of Scotland, threatened to overthrow the English overlordship. Edward led an army into Scotland and was decisively defeated by Bruce at Bannockburn on 24 June 1314, and was unable to defend northern England against Scottish devastation. Edward found new favorites, the two Hughs le Despenser, father and son. The territorial ambitions of the Despensers in Wales antagonized the Welsh marcher lords. They mad an alliance with Edward's cousin, Thomas of Lancaster, but were defeated by Edward at Boroughbridge, co. York, in March 1322. His reliance on the Despensers aroused the resentment of his queen, Isabelle. While on a diplomatic mission in 1325 to Paris involving the dispute over Edward's French lands, she became the mistress of Roger Mortimer, an exiled baronial opponent of Edward. In 1326 Isabelle and Roger invaded England, executed the Despensers, and deposed Edward on 7 Jan. 1327 in favour of his son Edward. Edward II of England, King of England, was murdered in Berkeley Castle on 21 Sep 1327, apparently in an attempt to escape the castle, and was buried it is said, at Gloucester.

    In 1284 Edward I was in Wales following his successful conquest of the country. His wife, Eleanor, gave birth to a son and heir, Edward, while they were staying at Caernarfon. there has long been a tradition that Edward held up his baby son at a gathering of Welsh nobles and said: 'Here is your new Prince of Wales'. In fact Edward was not made Prince of Wales until 1301, but ever since that time, the monarch's eldest son has received the title of Prince of Wales.

    One of the sadder personalities among English monarchs, it is hard not to feel sorry for Edward II, not only for the terrible manner of his death but also for the difficulties that beset him during his 20 year reign. He was finally deposed and, in 1327, horribly murdered on his wife's orders.

    Blessed with good health, good looks, and a good brain, Edward was physically strong and enjoyed a variety of sporting interest. However, his loyalty to his friends, one of his greatest virtues, led to his downfall, for he was a poor judge of men.

    Edward married Isabella Of FRANCE 25 Jan 1308, Boulogne Cathedral, France. Isabella (daughter of Philip IV and Jeanne I Of NAVARRE) was born 1295, Paris, Seine, France; died 22 Aug 1358, Castle Rising, Norfolk, England; was buried , Grey Friars Church, London. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Isabella Of FRANCE was born 1295, Paris, Seine, France (daughter of Philip IV and Jeanne I Of NAVARRE); died 22 Aug 1358, Castle Rising, Norfolk, England; was buried , Grey Friars Church, London.

    Other Events:

    • Name: Isabella
    • Name: Isabella de France
    • Crowned: Between 23 and 25 Feb 1308, Westminster Abbey (with her husband)
    • Birth: Between 1292 and 1295, Paris, France
    • Death: 27 Aug 1357, Roseing

    Notes:

    Excerpt from Blood Royal: In February 1308, Esabella of France, wife of the ill-fated Edward II, was crowned Queen of England. This descendant of Harold came to be called the She-Wolf of france, and she brougth back his blood to the throne of England with a vengeance. Pushed aside by her husband in his perference for his favorite, Piers Gaveston, she became romantically involved with Roger de Mortimer, Earlof March, and their intrigues resulted in the deposition and assassination of the king.

    Children:
    1. John Of ENGLAND was born 25 Aug 1316, Elthem Palace, Kent, England; died 13 Sep 1336, Perth in Scotland; was buried , Westminster Abbey.
    2. Alianor Of ENGLAND was born 8 Jun 1318, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England; died 22 Apr 1355, Deventer, Overijsel, Netherlands; was buried , Minderbroedershklooster, Deventer, Overijsel, Netherlands.
    3. Joan Of ENGLAND was born 05 Jul 1321, Tower Of London, London, Middlesex, England; died 07 Sep 1362, Hertfield, Hertfordshire, England; was buried , Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England.
    4. 2. Edward III King Of ENGLAND was born 13 Nov 1312, Windsor, England; died 21 Jun 1377, Sheen Palace, Surrey, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey, London, England.

  3. 6.  William III was born Abt 1286, Avesnes, Pas-De-Calais, France (son of John II DE AVESNES and Philippine Of LUXEMBURG); died 07 Jun 1337, Valenciennes, Nord, France.

    Other Events:

    • Fact: Count of Hainault and Holland
    • Name: William Count Of Hainault And Holland
    • Name: William III Bonus

    William married Jeanne Of VALOIS 19 May 1305, France. Jeanne (daughter of Charles Of FRANCE and Margaret Of NAPLES) was born Abt 1294, Valois, France; died 1352. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Jeanne Of VALOIS was born Abt 1294, Valois, France (daughter of Charles Of FRANCE and Margaret Of NAPLES); died 1352.

    Other Events:

    • Name: Jeanne Valois
    • Birth: Abt 1289
    • Death: 7 Mar 1342

    Children:
    1. Sibylla Countess Of HOLLAND was born 1310, Le Quesnoy, Nord, France; died , Died Young.
    2. Margarete Countess Of HOLLAND was born 1311, Le Quesnoy, Nord, France; died 23 Jun 1356, Le Quesnoy, Nord, France; was buried , Valenciennes, Nord, france.
    3. 3. Philippa Of HAINAULT was born 24 Jun 1311, Valenciennes; died 15 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.
    4. Jan Count Of HOLLAND was born Abt 1313, Le Quesnoy, Nord, France; died 1316.
    5. Johanna Countess Of HOLLAND was born Abt 1315, Le Quesnoy, Nord, France; died 1374.
    6. William IV Count Of HOLLAND was born Abt 1317, Le Quesnoy, Nord, France; died 26 Sep 1345, Worms, Friesland, Netherlands; was buried , Valenciennes, Nord, france.
    7. Agnaes Countess Of HOLLAND was born Abt 1320, Le Quesnoy, Nord, France; died Aft 24 Nov 1327.
    8. Louis VAN HOLLAND was born Abt 1325, Le Quesnoy, Nord, France; died 1328.
    9. Elisabeth Countess Of HOLLAND was born Abt 1327, Le Quesnoy, Nord, France; died 30 Jan 1361.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Edward I "Longshanks"Of ENGLAND was born 17 Jun 1239, Westminster Palace, London, England; was christened , Westminster, Middlesex, England (son of Henry III King Of ENGLAND and Eleanor Of PROVENCE); died 07 Jul 1307, Burgh-on-the-Sands, near Carlisle; was buried 28 Oct 1307, Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Burial: Westminster Abbey, London, England
    • Name: Edward Plantagenet
    • Name: Edward I Longshanks
    • Birth: 1239, ENGL
    • Birth: 17 Jun 1239, Westminster, London, England
    • Fact: 1272, Duke of Aquitaine
    • Fact: Between 1272 and 1307, King of England
    • Fact: 19 Aug 1272, Crowned
    • Crowned: 19 Aug 1274, Westerminster Abbey
    • Death: 1307
    • Death: 07 Jul 1307, Carlisle, England

    Notes:

    Edward was called the Hammer of the Scots.

    Illegitimate Issue: John De Botetourte (d. 25 Nov 1324), 1st Lord Botetourte, is listed by Taute' and Weis as an illegitimate son of Edward I; He married Maud, daughter of Thomas Fitz Otes (b. abt. 1231; d. by 28 March 1274) and Beatrice De Beauchamp (d. abt 1280/1281).[Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW]

    [ingram1.FTW]

    http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal01261
    Reigned 1272-1307
    In the Barons war 1264-67 he defeated the Barons at Evesham (1265) as King he is noted for encouraging Parliamentary institutions at the expense of feudalism and for subduing Wales on which he imposed the English system of administration. He later tried to assert his authority over Scotland and died while on his way to fight Robert Bruce.

    Name:
    Edward I of England (Longshanks), King of England, son and heir, was born at Westminster, Middlesex, on 17 June 1239, and was named after the Anglo-Saxon king Edward the Confessor whose memory was honoured by King Henry. He was granted Gascony and was created Earl of Chester on 14 Feb 1254. to prevent the rebellious Gascons from obtaining help from Castille, his marriage was arranged. he was married for the first time at monastery of Las Huelgas in Spain on 18 Oct 1254 (he being fifteen and she ten years of age) to Alianore De Castille, daughter of Fernando III, Rey de Castilla y Leon, by his second wife Jeanne, daughter of Simon de Dammartin, Comte d'Aumale et de Ponthieu. She was born about 1244. In the conflict between his father, King Henry III, and the barons led by Simon de Montfort, Edward at first supported Monfort, but then supported his father, slaying Montfort at Evesham on 4 Aug 1265. Edward took the cross in 1268 and was on crusade at Acre in the Holy Land from May 1271 to September 1272. On his return journey to England he was in the kingdom of Sicily when he learned of his father's death, and paid homage at paris to his cousin the French King, Philippe III, for his French lands. He landed at Dover in England on 2 Aug 1274, and was crowned King of England at Westminster on 19 Aug 1274. Having learned much from the civil war of his father's reign, he embarked on the restoration of royal authority with the institution of inquiries into the authority by which landowners held their jurisdictions and overhauled the civil and criminal law. From 1275 to 1307, he summoned, as had Montfort before him, representatives of the shires and boroughs to parliaments, that is, meetings of the king with the principal men of the realm. This improved relations between the king and the borough communities and committed them to some support of his policies, although Edward had no intention of sharing royal authority. Edward was much concerned with asserting his claims to sovereignty over the whole of Britain. In 1277 he defeated Llewellyn, Prince of North Wales, and in the early 1280s conquered the latter's principality and annexed it to the English Crown. The hereditary Anglo-Norman lords continued to rule the marches of Wales with the overlordship of the English Crown. The dying out of he direct Scottish royal line in 1290 enabled Edward to press his claim to the overlordship of Scotland but he met resistance from his choice as King of the Scots, John Balliol. In 1296 Edward invaded Scotland, deposed Balliol and sought to occupy the kingdom. William Wallace, a supporter of Balliol, began a successful rebellion, but was decisively defeated by Edward in Falkirk in 1298. Robert Bruce, whose grandfather had been a claimant to the Scottish throne, and who was a rival of the Balliols, rebelled, and was crowned king in 1306. In 1294 Edward had become embroiled in war with his overlord, the French king, Philippe IV, who was asserting himself in the affairs of Edward's Duchy of Gascony. The extortionate demands for services and money to fight Philippe and to suppress Scottish resistance alienated his English subjects in his later years and provoked renewed baronial opposition.

    Edward married Eleanor of CASTILE 18 Oct 1254. Eleanor (daughter of Ferdinand III "The Saint" and Jeanne DE DAMMARTIN) was born 1244, Burgos, Burgos, Castile, Spain; died 29 Nov 1290, Herdeby, Lincolnshire; was buried , Westminster Abbey, London, ENGL. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Eleanor of CASTILE was born 1244, Burgos, Burgos, Castile, Spain (daughter of Ferdinand III "The Saint" and Jeanne DE DAMMARTIN); died 29 Nov 1290, Herdeby, Lincolnshire; was buried , Westminster Abbey, London, ENGL.

    Other Events:

    • Name: Eleanor Of Castille
    • Crowned: 19 Aug 1274, Westminster Abbey
    • Death: 20 Nov 1290
    • Death: 24 Nov 1290, Herdeby,Near Grantham,Lincolnshire, ENGL

    Notes:

    Eleanor's heart was buried in the Dominican Blackfriars Church, London; her entrails in Lincoln Cathedral.

    From Parson, Eleanor of Castile 1290-1990, pg 16: The grief-stricken Edward I ordered the erection of memorial cross in each of the 12 towns where her body rested on its return to London.

    Children:
    1. Joan Of ENGLAND was born 1260, Windsor, England; died Bef 7 Sep 1265, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey.
    2. Alianor Of ENGLAND was born 17 Jun 1264, Windsor, England; died Between 12 Oct 1297 and 1298, Ghent; was buried , Chapter-House of Westminster Abbey.
    3. John Of ENGLAND was born 10 Jun 1266, Windsor, England; died 3 Aug 1271, Westminster Palace; was buried , Westminster Abbey.
    4. Henry Of ENGLAND was born 13 Jul 1267, Windsor, England; died 14 Oct 1274, Merton, Surrey; was buried , Westminster Abbey.
    5. Juliana Of ENGLAND was born 1271, Holy Land; died 05 Sep 1271, Holy Land.
    6. Joan (of Acre) Of ENGLAND was born 1272, Acre, Palestine; died 23 Apr 1307, Clare, Sufolk, England; was buried , Clare Priory.
    7. Alphonso Of ENGLAND was born 24 Nov 1273, Maine; died 19 Aug 1284, Windsor Castle; was buried , Westminster Abbey.
    8. Margaret Of ENGLAND was born 11 Sep 1275, Windsor, England; died 1318, Brussels; was buried , Collegiate Church of St. Gudule, Brussels.
    9. Berengaria Of ENGLAND was born 1276, Kennington, Berkshire, England; died Abt 1279; was buried , Chapel of St. Edward, Westminster.
    10. Mary Of ENGLAND was born 11 Mar 1278, Windsor, England; died Bef 08 Jul 1332, Amesbury; was buried , Amesbury.
    11. Isabella Of ENGLAND was born 1279; died 1279.
    12. Alice Of ENGLAND was born 12 Mar 1279, Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England; died 1291.
    13. Elizabeth Of ENGLAND was born 07 Aug 1282, Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales; died 05 May 1316, Quendon, Essex, England; was buried 23 May 1316, Walden Abbey.
    14. 4. Edward II King Of ENGLAND was born 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon Castle, Caernarvonshire, Wales; died 21 Sep 1327, (Murdered) Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucesteshire, England; was buried , Gloucester Cathedral,Gloucestershire, England.
    15. Beatrice Of ENGLAND was born 1286, Aquitaine, England; died , young.
    16. Blanche Of ENGLAND was born 1290; died 1290.

  3. 10.  Philip IV was born 1268, Fontainebleau, France (son of Philip III and Isabel Of ARAGON); died 29 Nov 1314, Fontainebleau, Isle De France; was buried , St Denis, Isle De France.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: "the Fair"
    • Name: Philip IV The Fair
    • Fact: Between 1285 and 1314, King of France

    Philip married Jeanne I Of NAVARRE 16 Aug 1284, Notre Dame De Paris, Paris, Seine, France. Jeanne (daughter of Henri I King Of NAVARRE and Blanche Of ARTOIS) was born Jan 1272, Bar-Sur-Seine, France; died 02 Apr 1305, Chateau De Palencia, Valencia, Almohadi; was buried , Church of the Grey Friars in Paris. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Jeanne I Of NAVARRE was born Jan 1272, Bar-Sur-Seine, France (daughter of Henri I King Of NAVARRE and Blanche Of ARTOIS); died 02 Apr 1305, Chateau De Palencia, Valencia, Almohadi; was buried , Church of the Grey Friars in Paris.

    Other Events:

    • Fact: Queen of Navarre

    Children:
    1. Marguerite Princess Of FRANCE was born Abt 1288, Paris, France; died 1300.
    2. Louis X King Of FRANCE was born 04 Oct 1289, Paris, France; died 05 Jun 1316, Vincennes, France; was buried , Saint Denis, France.
    3. Blance Princess Of FRANCE was born 1290, Paris, France; died Aft 13 Apr 1294; was buried , St Denis, Isle De France.
    4. Philippe V King Of FRANCE was born Between 1291 and 1292, Paris, France; died Between 03 Jan 1321 and 1322, Longchamps, France; was buried , Eglise Des Cordeliers, Paris, France.
    5. Charles IV King Of FRANCE was born 1295, Clermont, France; died 01 Feb 1328, Vincennes, France; was buried , Saint Denis, France.
    6. 5. Isabella Of FRANCE was born 1295, Paris, Seine, France; died 22 Aug 1358, Castle Rising, Norfolk, England; was buried , Grey Friars Church, London.
    7. Robert Prince Of FRANCE was born 1297, Paris, France; died Aug 1308, St Germain En Laye, France.

  5. 12.  John II DE AVESNES was born 11 Sep 1247, Brabant, Holland (son of John I DE AVESNES and Alelaide Of HOLLAND); died 22 Aug 1304, Valenciennes, Nord, france.

    Other Events:

    • Fact: Count of Hainaut and Holland
    • Name: Jean d'Avesnes II

    John married Philippine Of LUXEMBURG Between 1265 -1270. Philippine (daughter of Henry III "the Blond" Count Of LUXEMBOURG and Marguerite DE BAR) was born Abt 1252, Luxembourg,; died 06 Apr 1311, Valenciennes, Nord, france. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Philippine Of LUXEMBURG was born Abt 1252, Luxembourg, (daughter of Henry III "the Blond" Count Of LUXEMBOURG and Marguerite DE BAR); died 06 Apr 1311, Valenciennes, Nord, france.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Philippa of Luxemburg

    Children:
    1. Henri DE AVESNES was born Abt 1271, Valenciennes, Nord, france; died Aft 18 Mar 1303, Kammerich.
    2. Alix DE AVESNES was born Abt 1273, Valenciennes, Nord, france; died 26 Oct 1317.
    3. Marguerite DE AVESNES was born Abt 1274, Valenciennes, Nord, france; died 18 Oct 1342.
    4. Isabelle DE AVESNES was born Abt 1275, Valenciennes, Nord, france; died Dec 1305.
    5. Jean DE AVESNES was born Abt 1278, Valenciennes, Nord, france; died 11 Jul 1302, Ostrevant.
    6. Jeanne DE AVESNES was born Abt 1279, Valenciennes, Nord, france.
    7. Marie DE HAINAULT was born Abt 1280, Valenciennes, Nord, france; died 28 Aug 1354, Chateau De Murat, Bourbonnois, France.
    8. Valeran DE HANAULT was born Abt 1282.
    9. 6. William III was born Abt 1286, Avesnes, Pas-De-Calais, France; died 07 Jun 1337, Valenciennes, Nord, France.
    10. Ida D' AVESNES was born Abt 1294, Avesnes, Pas-De-Calais, France; died Bef Dec 1351.

  7. 14.  Charles Of FRANCE was born Between 12 Mar 1270 and 1271, Vincennes, France (son of Philip III and Isabel Of ARAGON); died 16 Dec 1325, Nogent-Le-Roi, France; was buried , St Jacques, Paris, Isle De France,France.

    Other Events:

    • Name: Charles Count Of Valois
    • Name: Charles I Prince Of France
    • Death: 09 Oct 1325

    Charles married Margaret Of NAPLES 16 Aug 1290, Corbeil, Marne, France. Margaret (daughter of Charles II and Marie Of HUNGARY) was born 1273, Napoli, Italy; died 13 Dec 1299; was buried , St Jacques, Paris, france. [Group Sheet]


  8. 15.  Margaret Of NAPLES was born 1273, Napoli, Italy (daughter of Charles II and Marie Of HUNGARY); died 13 Dec 1299; was buried , St Jacques, Paris, france.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Countess of Anjou
    • Fact: Marguerite Princess Of Sicily And Naples

    Children:
    1. Isabelle DE VALOIS was born 1292, Fontainebleau, France; died 1309.
    2. Philippe VI Of FRANCE was born Abt 1293, France; died 22 Aug 1350, Nogent Le Rotrou, France; was buried , St Denis, france.
    3. 7. Jeanne Of VALOIS was born Abt 1294, Valois, France; died 1352.
    4. Marguerite DE VALOIS was born Abt 1295, Fontainebleau, France; died Jul 1342.
    5. Charles DE VALOIS, II was born Abt 1297, Fontainebleau, France; died 26 Aug 1346, Crbecy, France; was buried , St. Jacques, Paris, France.
    6. Catherine DE VALOIS was born 1299, Fontainebleau, France; was buried , Abbaye De Val De Serey, Picardie, france.