1452 - 1485 (32 years)
|1. ||Richard III 'Plantagenet' King Of ENGLAND was born 02 Oct 1452, Fotheinghay Castle (son of Richard PLANTAGENET and Cecily DE NEVILLE); died 22 Aug 1485, Killed - Battle of Bosworth; was buried , Grey Friars Abbey, Leicester. |
- Reigned: Between 1483 and 1485
Richard III Plantagenet, youngest son, born 2 Oct 1452, created Duke of Gloucester by his brother King Edward IV 1 Nov. 1461, Lord Protector 1483, deposed his nephew Edward V and usurped the throne 26 June 1483, crowned King of England 6 July 1483, slain at the Battle of Bosworth 22 Aug. 1485 fighting against the invader Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond.
Richard III was king for barely two years, but once he was dead, historians, clerics and even playwrights fell over themselves to blacken his name. Most of the propaganda was designed to serve the Tudor dynasty, which began when Henry VII's army defeated and killed Richard at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. However, in more recent time,s historians have questioned whether Richard III really deserves his evil reputation.
Tall, lean, and with slender limbs. Richard was a handsome man. Contrary to William Shakespeare's portrayal of the King in 'The Life and Death of King Richard III', there is no evidence that Richard was a hunchback, although he might have had one shoulder slightly higher than the other. Devoted to his brother Edward, and reliable in all the many tasks Edward asked him to do, Richard was undoubtedly courageous and proved in his very short reign to be an energetic, painstaking, and just ruler.
On 22 August 1485, the 8,000-strong army of Henry Tudor faced Richard's 12,000-strong army in fields just outside the town of Market Bosworth in Leicestershire. Richard's support soon ebbed away, but he himself dived courageously into the thick of battle, coming within a sword's length of Henry Tudor before he was cut down.
Richard married Anne NEVILLE 12 Jul 1472, Westminster. Anne (daughter of Richard NEVILLE and Anne DE BEAUCHAMP) was born 11 Jun 1456, Warwick Castle, England; died 16 Mar 1485, Westminster Palace; was buried , Westminster Abbey. [Group Sheet]
- Edward PLANTAGENET was born 1473, Middleham Castle; died 9 Apr 1484; was buried , Sheriff Hutton, co. York.
|2. ||Richard PLANTAGENET was born 21 Sep 1411 (son of Richard 'of Conisburgh' Of YORK and Anne DE MORTIMER); died 30 Dec 1460, Battle of Wakefield; was buried , Pontefract. |
- Fact: Lord Mortimer of Wigmore
- Fact: Earl of March
- Fact: Earl of Ulster
- Name: Richard of York
- Fact: 19 May 1426, 3rd Duke of York
- Burial: 30 Jul 1476, Fotheringhay
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, son and heir, was born on 21 Sep 1411, and was nephew and heir of Edward 'of Norwich'. He was restored as 3rd Duke of York on 19 ay 1426, though his father's attainder was not reversed till 1461. In right of his mother, heiress of the line of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, 3rd son of Edward III, he claimed the throne in 1460 against the Lancastrian Dynasty represented by King Henry VI.
Richard assumed the name 'Plantagenet' apparently about 1448. Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, was slain at Wakefield on 30 Dec 1460, fighting against the supporters of King Henry VI.
Richard married Cecily DE NEVILLE Between 1437 and 1438. Cecily (daughter of Ralph DE NEVILLE, K.G. and Joan BEAUFORT) was born 03 May 1415, Raby Castle; died 31 May 1495, Berkhamsted Castle; was buried , Fotheinghay. [Group Sheet]
|3. ||Cecily DE NEVILLE was born 03 May 1415, Raby Castle (daughter of Ralph DE NEVILLE, K.G. and Joan BEAUFORT); died 31 May 1495, Berkhamsted Castle; was buried , Fotheinghay. |
- Anne PLANTAGENET was born 10 Aug 1439, Fotheringay Castle; died 12 or 14 Jan 1476; was buried , St. George's Chapel, Windsor.
- Henry PLANTAGENET was born 10 Feb 1441, Hatfield, Hertfordshire; died , young.
- Edward IV 'Plantagenet' King Of ENGLAND was born 28 Apr 1442; died 09 Apr 1483, Palace of Westminster; was buried , St. George's Chapel, Windsor.
- Edmund PLANTAGENET was born 17 May 1443, Rouen; died 30 Dec 1460, Ex. with his father, Battle of Wakefield; was buried , Pontefract.
- Elizabeth PLANTAGENET was born 22 Apr 1444, Rouen; died Between 07 Jan 1502 and May 1504; was buried , Wingfield.
- Margaret 'Of York' PLANTAGENET was born 03 May 1446, Fotheinghay; died 28 Nov 1503, Malines; was buried , Church of the Cordeliers, Malines.
- William PLANTAGENET was born 07 Jul 1447; died , young.
- John PLANTAGENET was born 07 Nov 1448, Neyte, near Worcester; died , young.
- Sir George PLANTAGENET, K.G. was born 21 Oct 1449, Dublin Castle; died 18 Feb 1478, Put to death in the Tower; was buried , Tewkesbury Abbey.
- Thomas PLANTAGENET was born Abt 1451, Fotheringhay; died , young.
- 1. Richard III 'Plantagenet' King Of ENGLAND was born 02 Oct 1452, Fotheinghay Castle; died 22 Aug 1485, Killed - Battle of Bosworth; was buried , Grey Friars Abbey, Leicester.
- Ursula PLANTAGENET was born 20 Jul 1455; died , young.
|4. ||Richard 'of Conisburgh' Of YORK was born Abt Sep 1376, Conisborough Castle, Yorkshire, England (son of Edmund "Of Langley" of YORK and Isabel Of CASTILE); died 5 Aug 1415, Executed; was buried , Chapel of God's House, Southhampton. |
- Name: Richard Of Cambridge
- Fact: 1 May 1414, Earl of Cambridge
Having conspired (with Scrope of Masham and Grey of Heton) to depose King Henry V and set up in his place the Earl of March (the heir general of King Edward III), Richard of Cambridge, Earl of Cambridge, was attained and beheaded at Southampton Green on 5 Aug. 1415, buried in the Chapel of 'God's House' at Southampton.
Richard married Anne DE MORTIMER 23 May 1408, with Papal dispensation. Anne (daughter of Roger VI DE MORTIMER and Alianor I DE HOLAND) was born 27 Dec 1390; died Sep 1411; was buried , King's Langley, Hertfordshire. [Group Sheet]
|5. ||Anne DE MORTIMER was born 27 Dec 1390 (daughter of Roger VI DE MORTIMER and Alianor I DE HOLAND); died Sep 1411; was buried , King's Langley, Hertfordshire. |
- Fact: Was heir general in her issue of the Crown of England transmitting the right to the Crown to her grandson Edward IV
|6. ||Ralph DE NEVILLE, K.G. was born Bef 1364 (son of John DE NEVILLE, K.G. and Maud DE PERCY); died 21 Oct 1425, Raby Castle; was buried , Staindrop. |
- Fact: 6th Earl Neville of Raby Castle
- Name: Ralph Neville
- Fact: 1397, 1st Earl of Westmorland
Ralph Neville, K.G., 4h Lord Neville of Raby, P.C., son and heir of John de Neville, 3rd Lord Neville of Raby, by Maud, daughter of Henry de Percy. Margaret Stafford was born before 164 (aged twenty-four at her father's death). They had nine children. She died on 9 June 1396, and was buried at Brancepeth, Durham. He took part in the Earl of Buckingham's expedition to Brittany, where he was knighted at St. Omer in July 1380. He succeeded his father on 17 Oct 1388, and was summoned to Parliament from 6 Dec 1389, by writs directed 'Radulpho de Nevyll de Raby'. From 1389 till 1424 he was continually employed on the Border in negotiating truces and peace with Scotland. He was married for the second time before 20 Feb 1397 to Joan Beaufort, widow of Robert Ferrers. She was born about 1379. He was created Earl of Westmorland on 29 Sep 1397. His near alliance to the House o Lancaster (being son-in-law of John of Gaunt), led him to forsake the King, and take a prominent part in the elevation of Henry of 'Bolingbroke' the exiled Duke of Lancaster, to the throne as King Henry IV. Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmorland, died testate at Raby Castle on 21 Oct. 1425, and was buried at Staindrop, Durham. His second wife, on whom the lordships of Middleham and Sheriff-Hutton, with other extensive lands, were between he and her sons on the one side, and the grandsons of her husband by his first wife on the other, which resulted in the elder branch espousing the cause of Lancaster, and Salisbury and his brothers, that of York.
Ralph married Joan BEAUFORT Bef Feb 1397. Joan (daughter of John Of GAUNT and Katherine DE ROET) was born Abt 1379; died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral. [Group Sheet]
|7. ||Joan BEAUFORT was born Abt 1379 (daughter of John Of GAUNT and Katherine DE ROET); died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral. |
- Joan NEVILLE was born Abt 1398, Raby, Durham, England.
- Sir Richard DE NEVILLE, K.G. was born Abt 1400; died 31 Dec 1460, Executed - Pontefract Castle, after Battle of Wakefield; was buried 1463, Bisham Priory, Berkshire.
- Alianor NEVILLE was born Abt 1401, England; died 1463, England.
- Henry DE NEVILLE was born Abt 1402.
- Thomas DE NEVILLE was born Abt 1403, Raby, Durham, England.
- Robert NEVILLE was born 1404; died Between 08 and 09 Jul 1457; was buried , Durham Cathedral.
- Cuthbert DE NEVILLE was born Abt 1405.
- William NEVILLE was born Abt 1409, Raby, Durham, England; died 09 Jan 1462, Alnwick, Northumberland. England; was buried , Guisborough Priory.
- Anne NEVILLE was born Abt 1411, Raby, Durham, England; died 20 Sep 1480; was buried , Pleshy, Essex.
- George NEVILLE was born Abt 1414, Raby, Durham, England; died 30 or 31 Dec 1469; was buried , Well, co. York.
- 3. Cecily DE NEVILLE was born 03 May 1415, Raby Castle; died 31 May 1495, Berkhamsted Castle; was buried , Fotheinghay.
- Edward NEVILLE was born Abt 1417, Raby, Durham, England; died 18 Oct 1476.
- Catherine NEVILLE was born , Raby, Durham, England; died Aft Jan 1478.
|8. ||Edmund "Of Langley" of YORK was born 5 Jun 1344, King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England (son of Edward III King Of ENGLAND and Philippa Of HAINAULT); died 01 Aug 1402, Langley, Hertfordshire, England; was buried , Church of the Mendicant Friars, Langley. |
- Name: Edmund Duke Of York
- Fact: 13 Nov 1362, Earl of Cambridge
- Fact: 6 Aug 1385, Duke of York
- Burial: 1574, King's Langley Church
Edmund married Isabel Of CASTILE Abt 01 Mar 1372, Hereford Castle. Isabel (daughter of PeterPedro I The CRUEL and Maria DE PADILLA) was born 1355, Morales or Tordessilas; died 23 Nov 1393; was buried , Langley. [Group Sheet]
|9. ||Isabel Of CASTILE was born 1355, Morales or Tordessilas (daughter of PeterPedro I The CRUEL and Maria DE PADILLA); died 23 Nov 1393; was buried , Langley. |
- Edward 'of Norwich' Of YORK was born 1373; died 25 Oct 1415, Battle of Agincourt; was buried , Church at Fotheringhay.
- Constance Of YORK was born Abt 1374; died 28 Nov 1416; was buried 1420, Reading Abbey.
- 4. Richard 'of Conisburgh' Of YORK was born Abt Sep 1376, Conisborough Castle, Yorkshire, England; died 5 Aug 1415, Executed; was buried , Chapel of God's House, Southhampton.
|10. ||Roger VI DE MORTIMER was born 11 Apr 1374, Usk, Monnouthshire (son of Edmund DE MORTIMER, II and Philippa Of CLARENCE); died 20 Jul 1398, Killed in Ireland; was buried , Wigmore, Herefordshire. |
- Fact: Earl of March and Ulster
- Fact: Declared heir to the throne by Richard II, King
- Fact: 4th Earl of March, 7th Earl of Ulster
Roger De Mortimer, Knt., 4th Earl of March, 7th Earl of Ulster, Lord Mortimer of Wigmore, son and heir, was born at Usk on 11 Apr 1374, and succeeded to title and estates when seven years old. He declared heir presumptive to the Crown by King Richard II in October 1385, and was made a knight by the King on 23 Apr 1390. he was summoned to Parliament on 15 Oct 1397, and had a great popular welcome. he was careful to do nothing to justify the King Richard II's suspicions, but feeling his position to be somewhat insecure, he returned to Ireland, whither his enemy, the Duke of Surrey (his brother-in-law), whither his enemy, the Duke of Surrey (his brother-in-law), was ordered to follow and capture him. Ireland was Mortimer's chief care, but he possessed little power there, the estates having been devastated and engaged in petty campaigns against the native chieftains. Roger De Mortimer, Earl of March and of Ulster, while engaged in a rash attack on some of the Leinster clans, was killed by O'Brien's men on 20 July 1398, and was buried at Wigmore Abbey. The Wigmore chronicler says that he was riding unattended, attired in the Irish manner, in front of his army, and was unrecognized by those who killed him. The death of the heir to the throne at the hands of the Irish induced King Richard II to undertake his last fatal expedition to Ireland.
Roger married Alianor I DE HOLAND Abt 7 Oct 1388. Alianor (daughter of Sir Thomas DE HOLAND, K.G. and Alice FITZ ALAN) was born Abt 1373; died 23 Oct 1405, in childbed. [Group Sheet]
|11. ||Alianor I DE HOLAND was born Abt 1373 (daughter of Sir Thomas DE HOLAND, K.G. and Alice FITZ ALAN); died 23 Oct 1405, in childbed. |
- Fact: 2nd daughter of the name
- Birth: 1387
- 5. Anne DE MORTIMER was born 27 Dec 1390; died Sep 1411; was buried , King's Langley, Hertfordshire.
- Edmund DE MORTIMER, IV was born 06 Nov 1391, New Forest; died 1425, Trim Castle, co. Meath; was buried , Austin Friars' Church, Clare, Suffolk.
- Roger DE MORTIMER was born Between 24 Mar and 23 Apr 1393, Netherwood; died Abt 1409.
- Eleanor DE MORTIMER was born Abt 1395; died 1418.
|12. ||John DE NEVILLE, K.G. was born 1328/31, Raby, Durham, England (son of Ralph DE NEVILLE and Alice DE AUDLEY); died 17 Oct 1388, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumberland, England. |
- Fact: 1360, Knighted
- Fact: 1369, Knight of Garter
John married Maud DE PERCY Jul 1357, Alnwick, Northumberland, England. Maud (daughter of Henry DE PERCY, K.G. and Idonea DE CLIFFORD) was born Abt 1335, Alnwick, England; died 18 Feb 1378; was buried , Cathedral, Durham, England. [Group Sheet]
|13. ||Maud DE PERCY was born Abt 1335, Alnwick, England (daughter of Henry DE PERCY, K.G. and Idonea DE CLIFFORD); died 18 Feb 1378; was buried , Cathedral, Durham, England. |
- Alice DE NEVILLE was born Abt 1358, Raby, With Keverstone, Durham, England; died 20 Jun 1433.
- Eleanor DE NEVILLE was born Abt 1360, Raby Wit Keverstone, Durham, England; died Aft 1441.
- Thomas NEVILLE was born Abt 1362, Raby, Durham, England; died 14 Mar 1406/7.
- Idoina NEVILLE was born Abt 1362, Raby With Keverstone, Durham, England.
- 6. Ralph DE NEVILLE, K.G. was born Bef 1364; died 21 Oct 1425, Raby Castle; was buried , Staindrop.
- Maud DE NEVILLE was born Abt 1367, Raby Wit Keverstone, Durham, England.
- Elizabeth NEVILLE was born Abt 1369, Raby Wit Keverstone, Durham, England.
|14. ||John Of GAUNT was born Mar 1340, St Bavon's Abbey, Ghent, Flanders (son of Edward III King Of ENGLAND and Philippa Of HAINAULT); died 03 Feb 1399, Leicester Castle, England; was buried , St.Paul's Cathedral, London, England. |
- Fact: John Plantagenet
- Fact: Knight of the Garter
- Fact: Prince of England
- Fact: 2nd Duke of Lancaster
- Fact: 5th Earl of Lancaster, Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester
- Fact: 20 Sep 1342, Earl of Richmond
- Fact: 13 Nov 1362, Duke Of Lancaster
- Fact: Sep 1371, Titular King of Castile and Leon
- Fact: 2 Mar 1390, Duke of Aquitaine
[Hulett FTW from MC Scott.FTW]
Earl of Richmond. Some say born Jun 1340, but see CP vol.XIV,p.421.Earl of Derby, Lincoln. Duke of Aquitaine. Lord of Beaufort & Nogent.Burke says he died at Ely House, Holborn King of Castile & Leon. Lord of Bergerac & Roche-sur-Yon. The Complete Peerage vol.VII,pp.410-416 & vol.XIV,p.421.
John of Lancaster (f Gaunt), Duke of Lancaster, fourth son, was married for the third time at Lincoln Cathedral on 13 Jan. 1395/6 to Katherine De Roet, widow of Hugh Swynford, Knt., of Coleby and Ketelthorpe, co., Lincoln. (died 1372), and younger daughter and co-heiress of Pain de Roet, Knt., Guienne King of Arms, a Hainaulter, and one of the knights of Queen Philippe's household. She was born probably in Hainault, about 1350 and had formerly been the governess to his daughters, and then his mistress, and by her he had children, born before marriage. The marriage was ratified and confirmed during the Great Schism by the Roman pope, Boniface IX. Their three sons were legitimised, with the assent of parliament, on 9 Feb. 1396/7, the patent confirmed by King Henry IV of 10 Feb. 1406/7, but with a saving clause barring them from succession to the throne. Their children were given the name Beaufort from their father's (lost) castle in Champagne which had devolved on him through his first wife, Blanche of Lancaster, a descendant of Blanche d'Artois who had purchased the lordship of Beaufort in 1270.
He was created Earl of Richmond on 20 Sep 1342. He was created Duke of Lancaster on 13 Nov 1362 in consequence of the marriage, and was ancestor of the Lancastrian Kings of England. In her right (Constance De Castille) John assumed in September 1371 the title of King of Castille and Leon. From 1376 until his death his diplomatic and military services in France and Guienne, and in Scotland, and his Spanish expedition (1386-88) formed interludes in the factious life of politics in which, as eldest uncle of King Richard II and his chief subject, he was involved. He was created Duke of Aquitaine on 2 Mar 1390.
John married Katherine DE ROET 13 Jan 1395/6. Katherine (daughter of Payn DE ROET) was born 1350, Picardy, Somme, France; died 10 May 1403, Lincoln, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]
|15. ||Katherine DE ROET was born 1350, Picardy, Somme, France (daughter of Payn DE ROET); died 10 May 1403, Lincoln, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln Lincolnshire, England. |
- Also Known As: Swynford
- Name: Catherine Roet
- Birth: Abt 1350, probably Hainault
- John BEAUFORT was born Abt 1371, Chcateau De Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, France; died Between 16 Mar 1409 and 1410, St Catherine By The Tower Hospital, London, England; was buried , St. Michael's Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England.
- Henry BEAUFORT was born Abt 1375; died 11 Apr 1447; was buried , Winchester Cathedral.
- Thomas BEAUFORT was born Abt Jan 1377; died 31 Dec 1426, Greenwich Manor; was buried , Bury St. Edmunds.
- 7. Joan BEAUFORT was born Abt 1379; died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried , Lincoln Cathedral.