1165 - 1199 (~ 33 years)
|1. ||Joan Of ENGLAND was born Oct 1165, Angers, France (daughter of Henry II 'Curtmantle' King Of ENGLAND and Eleanor Of AQUITAINE); died 04 Sep 1199, Rouen, Normandie; was buried , Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Loire, France. |
Joanna married February 13, 1177, William II the Good.
Joan married William II 'the Good' King Of SICILY 13 Feb 1177. William died 18 Nov 1189, Palermo; was buried , Church Of Monreale. [Group Sheet]
- Boemond Of SICILY was born 1181; died 1181.
Joan married Raymond VI Count Of TOULOUSE Oct 1196, Rouen. Raymond (son of Raymond V Count Of TOULOUSE and Constance Of TOULOUSE) died Aug 1222. [Group Sheet]
- Raymond VII Of TOULOUSE was born 1197, Beaucondrieu.
|2. ||Henry II 'Curtmantle' King Of ENGLAND was born 05 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, France (son of Geoffrey V Plantagenet 'the fair' D'ANJOU and Maud 'the Empress Maud' Of ENGLAND); died 06 Jul 1189, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France; was buried , Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Liore, France. |
- Also Known As: Henry II Curt mantel Plantagenet
- Fact: Count of Maine and Anjou
- Fact: Reigned until 1189
- Name: Henry Of Anjou
- Name: II Henry
- Birth: 25 Mar 1133
- Fact: Between 1154 and 1189, King of England
- Crowned: 19 Dec 1154, Westminster Abbey
Henry was crowned December 19, 1154 at Westminster Abbey. He was called Curtmantle because of the short capes he preferred over the stylish longer capes.
He became Duc de Normandie et du Maine, and Comte d'Anjou by inheritance from his mother and father. By his marriage to Eleanore of Aquitaine, Henry acquired the duchy of Aquitaine together with Gascony, Poitou and Auvergne. By the Treaty of Winchester in 1153 Henry was recognised as King Stephen's heir. He reached England on 8 Dec 1154, and crowned King of England on 19 Dec 1154, with direct rule over England and southern Wales, and a claim to the overlordship of northern Wales. His domain of England, Wales, and the French lands acquired from inheritance and marriage (ruled as separate components), was termed the 'Angevin empire' (as his father was Cote d'Anjou). The overlord of his French lands, the king of France, had directed control of a much smaller domain than henry himself. In 1171 Henry annexed Ireland though controlling the eastern part only. He had little difficulty in curbing the disorder of Stephen's reign and restoring the royal authority. He encouraged the development of juries of presentment of local men in the investigation of crimes, and trial of those accused by royal justices. His writs to sheriffs improved the disposition of claims over possession of property and benefices thereby discouraging local self-help violent ejection and usurpation. By relying on financial and legal experts and a permanent court at Westminster he fostered the establishment of those two professions and the replacement of Roman law by English common law. Henry's reassertion of the king's rights over the church, in particular that clerics were subject to his courts and not solely to ecclesiastical courts, led to the quarrel with his former chancellor Thomas Becket, who, as Archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered in his cathedral at Henry's instigation in 1170. Henry spent much of his reign in France, upholding his authority in his numerous lordships and attempting to extend his rule. There he encountered the hostility of the French kings, who encouraged the grievances of his quarrelsome sons. Henry II of England, King of England, died at Chinon in Normandy on 8 July 1189 in the midst of a rebellion by his sons. They were buried at Fontevralt Abbey in Anjou, where their tomb effigies may be seen.
The surname of this remarkable family derives from the nickname borne of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, between 1129 and 1251. Geoffrey, the father of Henry II, wore a spring of flowering broom (Planta genista) as his personal badge.
The first Plantagenet king of England was Henry II, and he is generally regarded as the greatest of them. Thirteen more kings followed him in a dynasty that ruled for 331 years, although for the last 86 years, rival families within the dynasty struggling to seize the crown took the names of Lancaster and York, even though all were Plantagenets. for much of this long period, the kings were involved in costly and largely unproductive wars with France and Scotland, and in power struggles with the over-mighty barons at home. As a dynasty, the Plantagenets made their greatest contribution in the development of English law, especially the unique Common Law, and by sponsoring a splendid architectural heritage.
Henry's succession in 1154 made him lord of a vast empire, and he was equipped with all the intellectual and physical qualities to rule it well. Henry began by destroying the castles built by rebellious barons during Stephen's reign, and then set about regulating the power of the Church. Although the latter years of his reign were plagues by family revolts, his vast empire was still intact when he died in 1189.
When Henry I became King of England in 1154 he was already Count of Anjou and of Touraine, andDuke of Normandy and of Aquitaine. As such, he was lord of an empire that stretched from the Cheviot Hills down to the Pyrenees, his territories in France exceeding even those of the French king. Known as the Angevin Empire (because the country of Anjou lay at its heart), this vast domain was held together by diplomacy and force of arms, and remained intact up to the death of Richard I in 1199.
In 1164 Henry se out various Church reforms in the Constitutions of Clarendon. These included the proposal that the clergy or others associated with the Church, if charged with a criminal offence, should be tried in the civil courts, and tat no appeal could be made to rome without the Kings consent. Despite fierce opposition from the Church, these reforms were adopted. The King quarreled with Thomas a Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury, over the new laws and, although the two men were reconciled, they again quarreled in 1170. In exasperation, henry cried out: 'Will not someone rid me of this turbulent priest?' Four of Henry's knights responded to the King's outburst and set off for Canterbury, where they pursued the archbishop into his cathedral and murdered him in front of the altar.
Henry married Eleanor Of AQUITAINE 18 May 1152, Bordeaux, France. Eleanor (daughter of William X Duke Of AQUITAINE and Eleanor DE CHATELLERAULT) was born Abt 1122, Chateau De Belin, Bordeaux, Aquitaine; died 31 Mar 1204, Poiters, Poitou, Aquitaine; was buried , Abbeye De Fontevrault, Fontevrault, France. [Group Sheet]
|3. ||Eleanor Of AQUITAINE was born Abt 1122, Chateau De Belin, Bordeaux, Aquitaine (daughter of William X Duke Of AQUITAINE and Eleanor DE CHATELLERAULT); died 31 Mar 1204, Poiters, Poitou, Aquitaine; was buried , Abbeye De Fontevrault, Fontevrault, France. |
- Also Known As: Eleanor Of Aquitaine
- Name: Eleanor Aquatine
- Crowned: Between 17 and 19 Dec 1154, Queen of England at Westminster Abbey
- Crowned: 25 Dec 1137, Queen of France at Bourges
Eleanor was crowned with her husband on December 19, 1154 at Westminster Abbey.
- William Of ENGLAND was born 17 Aug 1152, Normandy,Le Mans, France; died Apr 1156, Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Berkshire, England; was buried , Reading Abbey.
- Henry Of ENGLAND was born 28 Feb 1155, Bermandsey Palace, London, England; died 11 Jun 1183, Chateau De Mortel, Turenne, Aquitaine; was buried , Rouen, Normandie.
- Matilda Of ENGLAND was born 1156, London, Middlesex, England; died 28 Jun 1189, Brunswick, Germany; was buried , St. Blasius, Braunschweig, Germany.
- Richard I 'Coeur de Loin' King Of ENGLAND was born 08 Sep 1157, Oxford, England; died 06 Apr 1199, Chalus, France; was buried 08 Apr 1199, Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Loire, France.
- Geoffrey Of ENGLAND was born 23 Sep 1158, England; died 19 Aug 1186, Killed - in Tournament in Paris; was buried , Notre Dame Cathedral.
- Alianor Of ENGLAND was born 13 Oct 1162, Domfront, Normandie; died 31 Oct 1214, Las Huelgas, Burgos, Burgos, Spain; was buried , Monastery of Las Huelgas.
- 1. Joan Of ENGLAND was born Oct 1165, Angers, France; died 04 Sep 1199, Rouen, Normandie; was buried , Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Loire, France.
- John 'Lackland' King Of ENGLAND was born 24 Dec 1167, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England; died 18 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England; was buried , Worcester Cathedral.
|4. ||Geoffrey V Plantagenet 'the fair' D'ANJOU was born 24 Aug 1113, Anjou, France (son of Foulques V 'the Young" D'ANJOU and Ermengarde DE MAINE); died 07 Sep 1151, Chateau-du-Loir; was buried , Le Mans Cathedral. |
- Name: 1129, Comte d'Anjou
- Fact: 1144, Duke of Normandy
He was called Geoffrey Plantagenet because of the sprig of broom or planta genista which he was said to have worn in his hat. His son, Henry II, became the first of the Plantagenet kings.
He was also known as Count of Anjou and Maine and Touraine, Duke of Normandy.
On Henry's death in 1135, he claimed the duchy of Normandie, conquering it in 1144. He held the duchy, with that of Anjou, until granting them to his son Henry.
Geoffrey married Maud 'the Empress Maud' Of ENGLAND 22 May 1127, Le Mans. Maud (daughter of Henry I "Beauclerc" King Of ENGLAND and Matilda Of SCOTLAND) was born 7 Feb 1102, Winchester, England; died 10 Sep 1167, Notre Dame, France; was buried , Abbey Of Bec. [Group Sheet]
|5. ||Maud 'the Empress Maud' Of ENGLAND was born 7 Feb 1102, Winchester, England (daughter of Henry I "Beauclerc" King Of ENGLAND and Matilda Of SCOTLAND); died 10 Sep 1167, Notre Dame, France; was buried , Abbey Of Bec. |
- Fact: Matilda and Henry V had no issues.
- Fact: Empress of Germany
- Crowned: 07 Jan 1114
Excerpt from Blood Royal: Her remains were reinterred in 1282 before the high altar; during the revolution, her grave was detroyed. According to the "Dictionary of National Biography", the church and tomb were destroyed by fire in 1263; when it was restored in 1282, her remains were found, 'wrapped in an ox-hide." Her new tomb was stripped of its decorations by the English in 1421; a brass plate marking her grave in 1684 was lost in 1793; and the church was demolished in 1841. In 1846, her lead coffin was rediscovered and moved to the cathedral church of Rouen.
- 2. Henry II 'Curtmantle' King Of ENGLAND was born 05 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, France; died 06 Jul 1189, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, France; was buried , Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Liore, France.
- Geoffrey MARTEL was born Between 01 Mar and 01 Jun 1134, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France; died 1158, Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, France; was buried , Nantes.
- William PLANTAGENET was born 21 Jul 1136, Argentan, Orne, France; died 1164, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France; was buried , Notre Dame, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France.
- Emma PLANTAGENET was born Abt 1138, Normandy, France.
|7. ||Eleanor DE CHATELLERAULT was born Abt 1105, Chatellerault, Poitou, Aquitaine (daughter of Aimeri I Viscount Of CHATELLERAULT and Dangereuse De L'Isle BOUCHARD); died Aft Mar 1130. |
- 3. Eleanor Of AQUITAINE was born Abt 1122, Chateau De Belin, Bordeaux, Aquitaine; died 31 Mar 1204, Poiters, Poitou, Aquitaine; was buried , Abbeye De Fontevrault, Fontevrault, France.
- William Of AQUINTAINE was born Abt 1124, Aquitaine; died Bef 09 Apr 1137.
- Petronilla Of AQUINTAINE was born Abt 1126, Aquitaine; died Aft 24 Oct 1153.
|8. ||Foulques V 'the Young" D'ANJOU was born 1092 (son of Foulques IV "Rechin" and Bertrade DE MONTFORT); died 10 Nov 1143, Jerusalem; was buried , Church Of Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, Israel. |
- Also Known As: "le Jeune", King of Jerusalem
- Fact: Crusader
- Fact: Comte d'Anjou
- Name: Fulk V. Plantagenet
- Fact: 1131, King of Jerusalem
Foulques married Ermengarde DE MAINE Abt 1108/10, France. Ermengarde (daughter of Helie De La Fleche Of ANJOU and Matilde De Chateau DU LOIRE) was born Abt 1096, Maine, France; died 1126, Maine, France. [Group Sheet]
|9. ||Ermengarde DE MAINE was born Abt 1096, Maine, France (daughter of Helie De La Fleche Of ANJOU and Matilde De Chateau DU LOIRE); died 1126, Maine, France. |
- Also Known As: Countess of Anjo Ermentrude
- Mathilde D'ANJOU was born Abt 1107, Angers, Maine-et-Loire, France; died 1154, Fontevrault Abbey, Fontevrault, Maine-Et-Loire, France.
- Elias D'Anjou PLANTAGENET was born Abt 1111, Anjou, France; died 15 Jan 1151, St Serge Abbey, Angers, Anjou, France; was buried , L'Abbey Des Sergela, Angers, France.
- Sybil Of ANJOU was born 1112; died 1165, Bethlehem.
- 4. Geoffrey V Plantagenet 'the fair' D'ANJOU was born 24 Aug 1113, Anjou, France; died 07 Sep 1151, Chateau-du-Loir; was buried , Le Mans Cathedral.
|10. ||Henry I "Beauclerc" King Of ENGLAND was born Sep 1068, Selby, England (son of William I The CONQUEROR and Matilda Of FLANDERS); died 01 Dec 1135, (of food poisoning) Angers, Maine-et-Loire, France; was buried 04 Jan 1136, Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England. |
- Also Known As: "Beauclerc", Duke Of Normandy
- Name: Henry I Beauclerc
- Fact: 25 Dec 1066, Acceded - Westminster Abbey, London, England
- Birth: 1070, Selby, Yorkshire, England
- Fact: Between 1100 and 1135, Reigned as King of England
- Crowned: 06 Aug 1100, Westminster Abbey
- Fact: Between 1106 and 1135, Duke of Normandy
- Death: 01 Dec 1135, St. Denis-le-Fermont, near Rouen
Henry was the only one of his father's children to be born in England. Henry I was called Beauclerc because of his love of learning and knowledge. Concerning the name, Henry; according to "Complete Peerage" by Cokayne, Vol. 3, Appendix C, "Before Henry VII the name Henry appeared almost invariably in the forms 'Harry' or Herry' in English Privy Seals." Henry and Adela had no children. Again according the "Complete Peerage", Vol 11, Appendix D, "it seems fairly certain that Henry was the father of at least 9 sons and 11 daughters." It adds, however, "there is no satisfactory modern list of Henry's bastards." Given-Wilson and Curteis (pg 60) state that Henry was father of "at least twenty royal bastards, more than any other king in English history.". There were advantages to a king's having bastards. The marriages of bastards could be used to cement alliances, and, most importantly, bastards were greatly loyal: "being illegitimate, they were almost entirely dependent on the king for advancement.
Henry married Matilda Of SCOTLAND 11 Nov 1100, Westminster Abbey, England. Matilda (daughter of Malcolm III CANMORE and St. Margaret Of SCOTLAND) was born 1079, Dunfermline, Scotland; died 01 May 1118, Westminster, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey. [Group Sheet]
|11. ||Matilda Of SCOTLAND was born 1079, Dunfermline, Scotland (daughter of Malcolm III CANMORE and St. Margaret Of SCOTLAND); died 01 May 1118, Westminster, England; was buried , Westminster Abbey. |
- Also Known As: Edith Matilda
- Name: Edith
- Crowned: 11 Nov 1100, Westminster Abbey
"All traces of her tomb has disappeared."
- Matilda Of ENGLAND was born 1086; died 25 Nov 1120, Drowned in the wreck of the "White Ship".
- William DE TRACY was born Aft 1090; died Abt 1135.
- Robert Of ENGLAND
- Richard Prince Of ENGLAND was born Abt 1101, England; died 25 Nov 1120, Drowned in the wreck of the "White Ship".
- EUPHEMIA was born Jul 1101; died , young.
- 5. Maud 'the Empress Maud' Of ENGLAND was born 7 Feb 1102, Winchester, England; died 10 Sep 1167, Notre Dame, France; was buried , Abbey Of Bec.
- William AUDELIN was born Bef 05 Aug 1103, Winchester, England; died 25 Nov 1120.
- Alice Of ENGLAND
- Eustacia Of ENGLAND
|13. ||Philippa Of TOULOUSE was born Abt 1073, Toulouse, France (daughter of William IV Count Of TOULOUSE and Emma DE MORTAIN); died 28 Nov 1117. |
Fontevrault Abbey was founded in 1099 by Robert d'Abrissel, a Breton hermit, who believed that women made better administrators than men. Monks and nuns from the highest families inhabited Fontevrault under the leadership of an abbess. Philippa of Toulouse was a passionate follower of d'Abrissel and more than likely assisted in the founding and works of the abbey. Burials in the abbey church include Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, their daughter, Joanna, and their son, Richard I. Isabel of Angouleme, wife of Joh, King of England, is also buried there. The abbey was suppressed in 1792 and became, under Napolean, a prison. In 1963, the prison was closed and restoration work was begun.
|15. ||Dangereuse De L'Isle BOUCHARD was born Abt 1080 (daughter of Bartholomew Seigneur De L'Isle BOUCHARD). |
- Fact: Dangerose was also mistress of William VII of Poitou
Dangereuse, after having had three children by her husband, became the mistress of Eleanor's grandfather, William IX. After William IX brought Dangereuse to live in the ducal palace in Poitiers, his whife, Philippa of toulouse, withdrew to the Abbey of Fontevrault, where on November 28, 1118 she died "whether from illness or wretchedness there is no way of knowing." To secure her position with the Duke, Dangereuse reportedly arranged for her daughter, Aenor, to marry the Duke's son, William, in 1121.