Ernest Of BAVARIA

Male 1500 - 1560  (59 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Ernest Of BAVARIA was born 13 Jun 1500 (son of Albert IV Duke Of BAVARIA and Kunigunde Of AUSTRIA); died 1560.

    Other Events:

    • Fact: Between 1517 and 1540, An eccliastical Official in Passau
    • Fact: Between 1540 and 1554, Archbishop in Salzburg and Eichstadt


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Albert IV Duke Of BAVARIA was born 15 Dec 1447, Munich (son of Albert III Duke Of BAVARIA and Anna Of BRUNSWICK-GRUBENHAGEN-EINBECK); died 18 Mar 1508, Munich.

    Albert married Kunigunde Of AUSTRIA 03 Jan 1487. Kunigunde (daughter of Frederick III Holy Roman EMPEROR and Eleonora Of PORTUGAL) was born 1465; died 1520. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Kunigunde Of AUSTRIA was born 1465 (daughter of Frederick III Holy Roman EMPEROR and Eleonora Of PORTUGAL); died 1520.
    Children:
    1. 1. Ernest Of BAVARIA was born 13 Jun 1500; died 1560.
    2. Louis X Duke Of BAVARIA was born 18 Sep 1495; died 22 Apr 1545.
    3. Sibylle Of BAVARIA was born 16 Jun 1489; died 18 Apr 1519.
    4. Susanne Of BAVARIA was born 1499; died 1500.
    5. William IV Duke Of BAVARIA was born 13 Nov 1493, Munich; died 07 Mar 1550.
    6. Sabina Of BAVARIA was born 24 Apr 1492; died 30 Apr 1564.
    7. Susanne Of BAVARIA was born 02 Apr 1502; died 23 Apr 1543.
    8. Sidonie Of BAVARIA was born 01 May 1488; died 27 Mar 1505.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Albert III Duke Of BAVARIA was born 27 Mar 1401, Munich (son of Ernest Duke Of BAVARIA and Elisabetta VISCONTI); died 29 Feb 1460.

    Albert married Anna Of BRUNSWICK-GRUBENHAGEN-EINBECK 22 Jan 1437, Munich. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Anna Of BRUNSWICK-GRUBENHAGEN-EINBECK (daughter of Albert I Duke Of BRUNSWICK-LUNEBURG and Adelheid Of MONTFERRAT).
    Children:
    1. Barbara Of BAVARIA was born 09 Jun 1454, Munich; died 24 Jan 1472, Munich.
    2. Albrecht Of BAVARIA was born 24 Dec 1440; died 1445, Straubing.
    3. Ernest Of BAVARIA was born 26 Aug 1438, Munich; died 29 Feb 1460, Straubing.
    4. Elisabeth Of BAVARIA was born 02 Feb 1443; died 05 Mar 1486, Leipzig.
    5. Christoph Duke Of BAVARIA was born 06 Jan 1449; died 08 Aug 1493, Rhodos.
    6. Wolfgang Of BAVARIA was born 01 Nov 1451; died 24 May 1514, Landsberg am Lech.
    7. John IV Duke Of BAVARIA was born 04 Oct 1437, Munich; died 18 Nov 1463, Haidhausen.
    8. 2. Albert IV Duke Of BAVARIA was born 15 Dec 1447, Munich; died 18 Mar 1508, Munich.
    9. Sigismund Of BAVARIA was born 1439, Straubing; died 01 Feb 1501, Blutenburg Castle.
    10. Margarete Of BAVARIA was born 01 Jan 1442, Munich; died 14 Oct 1479, Mantua.

  3. 6.  Frederick III Holy Roman EMPEROR was born 21 Sep 1415 (son of Ernest The Iron Duke Of AUSTRIA and Cymburgis Of MASOVIA); died 19 Aug 1493.

    Other Events:

    • Fact: Holy Roman Emperor
    • Name: Frederick III King Of The Germans

    Notes:

    Frederick III of Habsburg (Innsbruck, September 21, 1415 ? August 19, 1493 in Linz) was elected as German King as the successor of Albert II in 1440. He was the son of Duke Ernest the Iron from the Leopoldinian line of the Habsburg family ruling Inner Austria, i.e. Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola, and of his wife Cymburgis of Masovia. As an Austrian Habsburg Duke, he became Frederick V in 1424, and Frederick IV as Geman king, and then Frederick III with his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor. He married in 1452, at age 37, the 18-year-old Princess Eleonor of Portugal, whose dowry helped him to alleviate his debts and cement his power.

    In 1442, Frederick allied himself with Rudolf St¸ssi, burgomaster of Z¸rich, against the Old Swiss Confederacy in the Old Z¸rich War (Alter Z¸richkrieg).

    In 1446, he entered into the Vienna Concordat with the Holy See, which remained in force until 1806 and regulated the relationship between the Habsburgs and the Holy See.

    Frederick was the last Emperor to be crowned in Rome, being crowned in 1452 by Pope Nicholas V. He opposed the reform of the Holy Roman Empire at that time and was barely able to prevent the electors from electing another king.

    His politics were hardly spectacular but still successful. His first major opponent was his brother Albert VI, who challenged his rule. He did not manage to win a single conflict on the battlefield, and thus resorted to more subtle plans. He held his nephew Ladislaus Posthumus, the ruler of the Archduchy of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia, (born in 1440) as a prisoner and attempted to extend his guardianship over him in perpetuity to maintain his control over Lower Austria. Ladislaus was freed in 1452 by the Lower Austrian estates. He acted similarly towards his nephew Sigismund of the Tyrolian line of the Habsburg family. Despite those efforts, he failed to gain control over Hungary and Bohemia, and was even defeated by the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus in 1485, who managed to reside in Vienna until his death later that year. Ultimately, Frederick prevailed in all those conflicts by outliving his opponents and sometimes inheriting their lands from, such as in the case of his nephew Ladislaus Posthumus, from whom he gained Lower Austria in 1457, and his brother Albert VI, whom he succeeded in Upper Austria. These conflicts forced him to an anachronistic itinerant existence, as he had to move his court between various places through the years, residing in Graz, Linz and Wiener Neustadt. Wiener Neustadt owes him its castle and the "New Monastery".

    Still, in some ways his policies were astonishingly successful. In the Siege of Neuss, he could force Charles the Bold of Burgundy to give his daughter Mary of Burgundy as wife to Frederick's son Maximilian. With the inheritance of Burgundy, the House of Habsburg began to rise to predominance in Europe. This gave rise to the saying "Let others wage wars, but you, happy Austria, shall marry", which became a motto of the dynasty.

    The marriage of his daughter Kunigunde of Austria to Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria, was another result of intrigues and deception, but rather a defeat for Frederick. Albert had illegally taken control over some imperial fiefs, asked to marry Kunigunde (who lived in Innsbruck, far from her father) and offered the Emperor to give the fiefs to the daughter as a dowry. Frederick agreed, but withdrew his approval when Albert also took control of Regensburg. Before the daughter learned of this, Albert had married her on January 2, 1487. A war could be prevented only by intermediation by the Emperor's son, Maximilian.

    In some smaller issues, Frederick was quite successful: in 1469 he managed to establish bishoprics in Vienna and Wiener Neustadt, in which all previous Dukes of Austria had failed over the centuries.

    Frederick died in a failed attempt to have his left leg amputated. His grave, built by Niclaes Gerhaert van Leyden, in the Stephansdom in Vienna is one of the most important works of sculptural art of the late middle ages.

    For the last ten years of Frederick's life, he and Maximilian ruled jointly.

    Frederick married Eleonora Of PORTUGAL 08 Mar 1452, Naples. Eleonora (daughter of Duarte I King Of PORTUGAL and Leonor Of ARAGON) was born 18 Sep 1434; died 01 Sep 1467. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Eleonora Of PORTUGAL was born 18 Sep 1434 (daughter of Duarte I King Of PORTUGAL and Leonor Of ARAGON); died 01 Sep 1467.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Leonor of Portugal

    Children:
    1. John Archduke Of AUSTRIA was born 1466; died 1467.
    2. 3. Kunigunde Of AUSTRIA was born 1465; died 1520.
    3. Cristopher Archduke Of AUSTRIA was born 1454; died 1455.
    4. Maximilian I Holy Roman EMPEROR was born 23 Mar 1459; died 12 Jan 1519.
    5. Helen Archduchess Of AUSTRIA was born 1460; died 1461.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Ernest Duke Of BAVARIA

    Ernest — Elisabetta VISCONTI. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Elisabetta VISCONTI (daughter of Barnabo Visconti Lord Of MILAN and Beatrice Della Scala Of VERONA).
    Children:
    1. 4. Albert III Duke Of BAVARIA was born 27 Mar 1401, Munich; died 29 Feb 1460.

  3. 10.  Albert I Duke Of BRUNSWICK-LUNEBURG

    Albert — Adelheid Of MONTFERRAT. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Adelheid Of MONTFERRAT (daughter of Boniface II The Giant Of MONTFERRAT and Margaret Of SAVOY).
    Children:
    1. 5. Anna Of BRUNSWICK-GRUBENHAGEN-EINBECK

  5. 12.  Ernest The Iron Duke Of AUSTRIA was born 1377, Bruck an der Mur, Styria (son of Leopold III Duke Of AUSTRIA and Viridis VISCONTI); died 10 Jun 1424.

    Ernest — Cymburgis Of MASOVIA. Cymburgis (daughter of Siemowit IV Duke Of MASOVIA and Alexandra Of LITHUANIA) was born Between 1394 and 1397, Warsaw; died 28 Sep 1429, Turnitz, Lower Austria. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Cymburgis Of MASOVIA was born Between 1394 and 1397, Warsaw (daughter of Siemowit IV Duke Of MASOVIA and Alexandra Of LITHUANIA); died 28 Sep 1429, Turnitz, Lower Austria.
    Children:
    1. Margarete Of AUSTRIA was born Between 1416 and 1417; died 12 Feb 1486.
    2. Katharina Of AUSTRIA was born 1424; died 11 Sep 1493.
    3. Albert VI Duke Of AUSTRIA was born 18 Dec 1418; died 02 Dec 1463.
    4. Rudolf Of AUSTRIA died Bef 1424.
    5. Ernest II AUSTRIA died 10 Aug 1432.
    6. Anna Of AUSTRIA died 11 Nov 1429.
    7. Leopold Of AUSTRIA died Bef 1424.
    8. 6. Frederick III Holy Roman EMPEROR was born 21 Sep 1415; died 19 Aug 1493.
    9. Alexander Of AUSTRIA died 1420.

  7. 14.  Duarte I King Of PORTUGAL was born 31 Oct 1391 (son of John I King Of PORTUGAL and Philippa Of LANCASTER); died 18 Sep 1438; was buried , Alcobaca.

    Other Events:

    • Name: Edward I Of Portugal
    • Residence: Between 1433 and 1438, King of Portugal

    Notes:

    Wikipedia Encyclopedia:
    Duarte I, King of Portugal KG (Viseu, October 31, 1391 - Tomar, September 13, 1438) (pron. IPA [du'a?t(?)]; Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal and Algarve and second Lord of Ceuta. He was the son of King Jo„o I of Portugal (John I of Portugal) and his wife, Philippa of Lancaster, a daughter of John of Gaunt.

    As a prince, Edward (Duarte) always followed his father, King Jo„o I, in the affairs of the kingdom. He was knighted in 1415, after the Portuguese captured the city of Ceuta in North Africa, across from Gibraltar. He became king in 1433 when his father died of the plague and he soon showed interest in internal consensus. During his short reign of five years, Duarte called the Cortes (the national assembly) no less than five times to discuss internal affairs and politics. He also followed the politics of his father concerning the maritime exploration of Africa. He encouraged and financed his famous brother, Prince Henry the Navigator who founded a school of maritime navigation at Sagres and who initiated many expeditions. Among these, that of Gil Eanes in 1434 first rounded Cape Bojador on the NW coast of Africa, leading the way for further exploration southward along the African coast.

    The colony at Ceuta rapidly became a drain on the Portuguese treasury and it was realised that without the city of Tangier, possession of Ceuta was worthless. When Ceuta was lost to the Portuguese, the camel caravans that were part of the overland trade routes began to use Tangier as their destination. This deprived Ceuta of the materials and goods that made it an attractive market and a vibrant trading locale, and it became an isolated community.

    In 1437, his brothers, Henry (Henrique) and Fernando, persuaded Duarte to launch an attack on Morocco in order to get a better African base for future Atlantic exploration. The expedition was not unanimously supported: Pedro, Duke of Coimbra and John, duke of Aveiro were both against the initiative; they preferred to avoid conflict with the king of Morocco. They proved to be right. The resulting attack on Tangier was successful, but at a great cost of men. Duarte's youngest brother, Fernando, was captured, kept as a hostage, and he died later in captivity in Fez. Duarte died soon after the Tangier attack of the plague, like his father and mother (and her mother) before him.

    Another less political side of Duarte's personality is related to culture. A reflective and scholarly prince, he wrote the treatises O Leal Conselheiro (The Loyal Counsellor) and Livro Da Ensinanca De Bem Cavalgar Toda Sela (The Art of Riding on Every Saddle) as well as several poems. He was in the process of revising the Portuguese law code when he died.

    Duarte married Leonor Of ARAGON 22 Sep 1428. Leonor (daughter of Ferdinand I The Just King Of ARAGON and Eleanor Of ALBUQUERQUE) was born 1402; died 19 Feb 1445, Toledo. [Group Sheet]


  8. 15.  Leonor Of ARAGON was born 1402 (daughter of Ferdinand I The Just King Of ARAGON and Eleanor Of ALBUQUERQUE); died 19 Feb 1445, Toledo.
    Children:
    1. Catharina Of PORTUGAL was born 26 Nov 1436, Lisbon; died 12 Jun 1463.
    2. Duarte Of PORTUGAL was born 12 Jul 1435; died 12 Jul 1435.
    3. Maria Of PORTUGAL was born 07 Dec 1432; died 08 Dec 1432.
    4. Philip Of PORTUGAL was born 27 Nov 1430; died 24 Mar 1439, young.
    5. Joao Prince Of PORTUGAL was born Oct 1429; died 14 Aug 1433.
    6. Ferdinand Duke Of VIZEU was born 17 Nov 1433, Almeirim; died 18 Sep 1470.
    7. Alfonso V King Of PORTUGAL was born 15 Jan 1432, Cintra; died Between 24 and 28 Aug 1481, Cintra; was buried , Batalha.
    8. 7. Eleonora Of PORTUGAL was born 18 Sep 1434; died 01 Sep 1467.
    9. Joanna Of PORTUGAL was born Mar 1439; died Between 17 Jan and 13 Jun 1475, Madrid, Spain.